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Frequently Asked Questions About Sleep Disorders
What are the common signs and symptoms of a sleep disorder?
If you experience any of the following symptoms, you may benefit from meeting with an expert sleep specialist.
- Loud and disturbing snoring
- Trouble falling asleep several times per week
- Difficulty staying asleep all night
- Excessive drowsiness or tiredness throughout the day
- Frequent headaches or dry/sore throat
- Difficulty staying awake during the day, even when driving or working
- Itchy, uncomfortable feeling in your legs
- Unusual behaviors during the night
What are the risk factors for sleep disorders?
Some factors increase the likelihood of developing a sleep disorder:
- Age: Disorders are more common in adults over 40.
- Gender: Women are more likely to suffer from insomnia. Men are more likely to have sleep apnea.
- Weight: Being overweight or obese significantly increases the likelihood of a sleep disorder.
- Other medical problems: Those who suffer from high blood pressure, anxiety, or depression have a higher risk.
What can I do to help myself sleep better?
There are many ways to improve your “sleep hygiene” and help yourself get a better night’s sleep:
- Establish a routine for going to bed, and stick with it
- Exercise regularly, ideally every day
- Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco for several hours before bedtime
- Take time to unwind before you begin your nightly routine; learn relaxation techniques
- Always sleep in a bed in a dark, quiet room
I’d like to learn more about sleep disorders. What are some recommended resources for information?
- Narcolepsy - Overview and Facts
- American Academy of Sleep Medicine
- National Center on Sleep Disorders Research
- National Sleep Foundation
- Sleep Apnea Patient Centered Outcomes Network - PCORI
- Hypersomnia Foundation
- Special Safety Notice: Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) for Xyrem
- Xyrem Manufacturer REMS Information
- How To Get a Good Night's Sleep
- Identifying and Managing Sleep Disorders in Primary Care