Bruce Michael Greenwald, M.D.

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Bruce Greenwald

 Named one of New York's Super Doctors, 2013

Dr. Greenwald is Chief of the Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine and an Executive Vice-Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics at Weill Cornell Medical College. He oversees the NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center's Pediatric Critical Care Center, a 20-bed intensive care unit providing state-of-the art care for the most seriously ill and injured infants, children and adolescents. The unit specializes in the care of children (up to 21 years of age) with challenging forms of respiratory failure due to severe pneumonia, asthma or viral illness, circulatory shock due to overwhelming infection or cardiac failure, as well as all forms of severe neurological and neurosurgical illness.

Dr. Greenwald received his medical degree (M.D.) at New York University of Medicine. He completed his residency at New York University Medical Center & Bellevue Hospital, where he also served as chief resident, and then a fellowship in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine at New York Hospital, Cornell University Medical College (now Weill Cornell Medical College).

In addition to his clinical, teaching, and research activities at Weill Cornell, Dr. Greenwald has contributed to the national development of critical care medicine as a vital pediatric sub-speciality. He co-Chaired the Society of Critical Care Medicine's Program Committee from 2009 to 2010. He is one of the founding members of the New York Society of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, serving as the Society's president from 1993 to 1995. Currently, Dr. Greenwald serves on the Board of Regents of the American College of Critical Care Medicine.

Insurances

Insurance Plans Accepted

The following represents most of the managed care plans accepted by this physician. If your insurance carrier does not appear here please feel free to contact this physician or this physician's practice as they may have individual contracts not included on this site.

  • AETNA [HMO]
  • AETNA [Medicare]
  • Aetna - Weill Cornell [POS]
  • Affinity Essential
  • Affinity Health Plan
  • Blue Priority Network
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [Pathway X]
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [PPO]
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [Pathway X Enhanced]
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [HMO]
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [EPO]
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [Mediblue (Senior)]
  • Fidelis Care
  • Health First
  • Health Plus - Amerigroup [CHP]
  • Health Plus - Amerigroup
  • Health Republic
  • Medicaid
  • Medicare [Medicare]
  • Medicare
  • Oscar
  • Oxford Health Plans [Liberty]
  • Oxford Health Plans [Freedom]
  • POMCO
  • Rockefeller University - CoreSource
  • UHC Compass
  • United Health Care
  • United Health Care [Community Plan]
  • VNSNY CHOICE Medicare [HMO]

Publications

Articles and Chapters

  1. Wilkinson JD, Greenwald BM: The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: Impact on the pediatric intensive care unit. Crit Care Clin 1988; 4:831-844.
  2. Notterman DA, Castello FV, Steinberg C, Greenwald BM, O'Loughlin JE, Gold JP: A comparison of thermodilution and pulsed Doppler cardiac output measurement in critically ill children. J Pediatr 1989; 115:554-560.
  3. Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, DiMaio-Hunter A, Wilkinson JD, Krasinski K, Borkowski W: Outcome after assisted ventilation in children with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Crit Care Med 1990; 18: 18-20.
  4. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA, DeBruin WJ, McCready M: Percutaneous axillary artery catheterization in critically ill infants and children. J Pediatr 1990; 117:442-444.
  5. Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, Moran F, DiMaio-Hunter A, Metakis L, Reidenberg MM: Dopamine clearance in critically ill children: Effect of age and organ system dysfunction. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1990; 48:138-147.1.
  6. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA: Care of the critically ill child. In: Critical Care of the Cancer Patient, 2nd Edition; Groeger JS (Ed); Mosby-Year Book, Inc, St. Louis; 1991:299-319.
  7. Greenwald BM: Update - AIDS in the pediatric ICU. In: Pediatric Critical Care Clinical Review Series, Part 3; Gioia FR, Yeh TS (Eds); The Society of Critical Care Medicine, Fullerton, CA; 1991:113-131.
  8. DeBruin WJ, Greenwald BM, Notterman DA: Fluid resuscitation in pediatrics. Crit Care Clin 1992; 8:423-438.
  9. Bojko T, Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, Pon S, DeBruin WJ, Magid MS, Godwin T: Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in children following bone marrow transplantation: An outcome and pathological study. Crit Care Med 1995; 23:755-759.
  10. Greenwald BM, Ghajar J, Notterman DA: Critical care of children with acute brain injury: In: Advances in Pediatrics; Barness, LA (Ed), Mosby St. Louis, 1995; 42:47-89.
  11. Brill PW, Winchester P, Cahill P, Lesser M, Auld PAM, Greenwald B: Computed radiography in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units: a comparison of 2.5K X 2K soft-copy images vs digital hard-copy film. Pediatr Radiol 1996; 26:333-336.
  12. Contibuting Author: In: APLS- The Pediatric Emergency Medicine Course, 3rd Edition; Strange GR (Ed), The American College of Emergency Physicians, Dallas, and the American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, Ill, 1998.
  13. Hartl R, Greenwald BM, Ghajar J: Acute head injuries in children: In: Conn's Current Therapy, 2002; Rake RE, Bode ET (Eds), WB Sanders Company, Orlando, 2002.
  14. Carcillo JA, Fields AI, American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force Committee Members: Clinical practice parameters for hemodynamic support of pediatric and neonatal patients in septic shock. Crit Care Med 2002; 30:1365-78.
  15. Bishop NB, Pon S, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM: Alteplase in the treatment of complicated parapneumonic effusion: A case report. Pediatrics 2003; 111(2): E188-190.
  16. Holdsworth MT, Fichtl RE, Behta M, Raisch DW, Mendez-Rico E, Adams A, Greifer M, Bostwick S, Greenwald BM: Incidence of adverse drug events in pediatric patients. Arch Pediatr Adoesc Med 2003; 157:60-65.
  17. Kutko MC, Calarco MP, Flaherty MB, Helmrich RF, Ushay M, Pon S, Greenwald BM: Mortality of pediatric septic shock may be lower than previously reported: Mortality rates in pediatric septic shock with and without multiple organ system failure. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2003; 4:333-337.
  18. Meyer GK, DeLaMora PA: Last Minute Pediatrics: A Concise Review for the Specialty Boards; Greenwald BM (Editorial Advisor), McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division, New York, 2004.
  19. Ushay HM, Greenwald BM: Perioperative care of children with cancer: Intensive care perspectives. In: Perioperative Cancer Medicine: Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Control in Cancer Patients, Shaw AD, Riedel BJCJ, Burton AW, Feeley TW, Fields A (Eds), Marcel Dekker, New York, 2005.
  20. Yurt RW, Howell JD, Greenwald BM: Burns, Electrical injury, and smoke inhalation. In: Rogers#146; Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care; Nichols, DG (Ed), Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, New York, 2008.
  21. Carcillo JA, American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force Committee Members: Revised clinical practice parameters for hemodynamic support of pediatric and neonatal patients in septic shock. Crit Care Med (In press).
  22. Fundamentals of Pediatric Critical Care Support Textbook, Co-Editor (In Preparation).

Published Abstracts and Presentations

  1. DiMaio-Hunter A, Notterman D, Wilkinson JD, Greenwald B, Krasinski K: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in children: Outcome following assisted ventilation. Pediatr Res 1987; 23:201A. Presented at: Society for Pediatric Research; Anaheim, California; May 1987
  2. DiMaio-Hunter A, Notterman D, Greenwald B, Krasinski K: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in children: Outcome following assisted ventilation. Crit Care Med 1987; 15:412. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; Anaheim, California; May 1987.
  3. Greenwald B, Wilkinson J, Notterman D: Mortality associated with PICU admission in pediatric oncologic and bone marrow transplantation patients. Clin Res 1988; 36:37lA. Presented at: Pediatric Critical Care Colloquium; Washington; April l988.
  4. Notterman D, Metakis L, DiMaio A, Greenwald B: Hepatic dysfunction is associated with reduced dopamine clearance in critically ill infants. Clin Res 1988; 36:372A. Presented at: American Federation for Clinical Research, National Meeting; May 1988 (Poster)
  5. Notterman D, Metakis L, DiMaio-Hunter A, Greenwald B: Dopamine elimination in critically ill patients: effect of liver dysfunction. Crit Care Med 1988; 16:442. Presented at:Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando, Florida; June 1988.
  6. Moran F, Wilkinson J, Notterman D, Greenwald B: ICU resource utilization by pediatric patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clin Res 1988; 36:347A.
  7. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA: Axillary artery catheterization in critically ill infants and children. Crit Care Med 1989; 17:S124. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; New Orleans; June 1989. (Poster)
  8. DeBruin W, Notterman DA, Greenwald B: Mortality of ARDS in infants and children. Crit Care Med 1989; 17:S111. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; New Orleans; June 1989. (Poster)
  9. Greenwald B, Notterman DA: A prospective evaluation of axillary artery catheterization in infants and children. Pediatr Res 1989; 25:37A.
  10. DeBruin W, Notterman DA, Greenwald B: Sepsis and neutropenia in children with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Pediatr Res 1989; 25:34A.
  11. Notterman D, Pon S, Greenwald B, et al: Effect of diagnosis related group (DRG) payment upon a PICU. Crit Care Med 1990; 18:S267. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; San Francisco; June 1990.
  12. Notterman DA, Metakis L, Greenwald B: Clinical pharmacology of isoproterenol in children with status asthmaticus: Need for high dosage is based upon pharmacodynamic rather than kinetic factors. Pediatr Res 1992; 31:33A. Presented at: Society for Pediatric Research; Baltimore; May 1992. (Poster)
  13. Greenwald BM, McLaughlin GE, Pon S, Notterman DA: Corticosteroids as salvage therapy for Pneumocystis Carinii pneumonia and severe respiratory failure in pediatric AIDS patients. Crit Care Med 1993; 21:A156. Presented at: Fifth Pediatric Critical Care Colloquium; Snowbird, Utah; January 1992, and New Jersey Society of Critical Care Medicine's Annual Scientific Symposium; Philadelphia; October 1992.
  14. Bojko T, Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, et al: Pulmonary pathology in children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Pediatr Res 1993; 33:31A. Presented at: Sixth Pediatric Critical Care Colloquium; Philadelphia; March 1993
  15. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA, Pon S: Continuous positive airway pressure by facemask (M-CPAP) to treat profound hypoxemia associated with acute severe asthma. Pediatr Res 1993; 33:34A. Presented at: Society for Pediatric Research; Washington, D.C.; May 1993
  16. Bojko T, Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, et al: Pulmonary pathology in children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure after bone marrow transplantation. Crit Care Med 1993; 21:S151. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; New York; June 1993. (Poster)
  17. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA, Pon S, Steinberg C: Continuous positive airway pressure by facemask to treat profound hypoxemia associated with acute severe asthma. Crit Care Med 1993; 21:S154. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; New York; June 1993. (Poster)
  18. Greenwald BM, Pon S, Notterman DA: Assisted ventilation in infants and children with HIV infection. Crit Care Med 1994; 22:A145. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando; January 1994. (Poster)
  19. McCready M, Greenwald BM, Scolavino J, et al: A prospective evaluation of unplanned extubations in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Crit Care Med 1994; 22:A154. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando; January 1994. (Poster)
  20. Bojko T, Greenwald BM, Pon S, et al: Role of pediatric critical care fellows in urban interhospital transport. Crit Care Med 1994; 22:A151. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando; January 1994. (Poster)
  21. Baird JS, Greenwald BM, Notterman DA: Adolescents admitted to an urban, tertiary pediatric intensive care unit. J Ad Hes 1996; 18:159. Presented at: Society for Adolescent Medicine Annual Meeting; Arlington, Virginia, March 1996. (Poster)
  22. Percy S Jr, Greenwald BM, Pretino T, Notterman DA: Effects of indwelling femoral artery catheters on leg growth. Pediatrics 1996; 98:547. Presented at: American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Meeting; Boston; October 1996.
  23. Kelly M, Sjoberg-Gilker J, Hanauske H, Greenwald BM: Markers of extracellular matrix metabolism in pediatric patients with acute lung injury. Crit Care Med 1999; 27,1: A160. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; San Francisco; February 1999. (Poster)
  24. Kelly M, Ushay HM, Pon S, Greenwald BM: High dose methylprednisolone may lessen severity of septic shock in pediatric cancer patients Crit Care Med 1999; 27:A89. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; San Francisco; February 1999. (Poster)
  25. Kelly M, Sjoberg-Gilker J, Greenwald B, Hanauske H: The connective tissue reaction to acute lung injury in children: Emerging surrogate serum markers for the extracellular matrix.Pediatr Res 1999; 45:42A.
  26. McQueen DA, Petras C, Bussell J, Greenwald BM: Comparison of continuous to bolus platelet infusion in pediatric patients refractory to platelet transfusion. Crit Care Med 1999; 27,12:A69. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando; February 2000. (Poster)
  27. Kutko MC, Calarco MP, Ushay M, Pon S, Greenwald BM: Mortality of pediatric septic shock may be lower than previously reported. Crit Care Med 2000; 28,12:A201. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; San Francisco; February 2001. (Poster). Abstract received Society of Critical Care Medicine In Training Award
  28. Stiles EF, Pass R, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM: Routine electrocrdiogram may not be necessary in all pediatric intensive care unit admissions. Crit Care Med 2001; 29,12: A137. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 31st Critical Care Congress; San Diego; January; 2002. (Poster)
  29. McCready M, Mendez-Rico E, Brandt K, Hamlin-Cook P, Sahni M., Panouryas C, Pon S, Greenwald B: Pediatric Medication Error Reduction. Crit Care Med 2001; 29,12:A172. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 31st Critical Care Congress; San Diego; January; 2002 (Poster)
  30. Kutko MC, Calarco MP, Helmrich RF, Flaherty MB, Ushay HM, Pon S, Greenwald BM: Multiple organ system failures associated with increased mortality in pediatric septic shock. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,2; A131. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 32nd Critical Care Congress; San Antonio; February 2003. (Poster)
  31. Orr RA, Kuch B, Carcillo J, Han Y, McKloskey K, Day S, Greenwald B, Pearson-Shaver A: Shock is under-reported in children transported for respiratory distress: A multi-center study. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A18. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando; February 2004. Abstract received Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Scientific Award
  32. Malkani G, Wu AB, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Circadian clock modulation of the immune system. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A42. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando;February 2004 (Poster)
  33. Malkani G, Meyer M, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Period2 gene deficient mice demonstrate complete recovery from gram-negative septic shock induced by intraperitoneal injection of E.coli lipopolysaccaride. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A42. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando;February 2004 (Poster)
  34. Malkani G, Meyer M, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: There is a circadian variation to gram-negative septic shock related mortality in mice injected intraperitoneally with E.coli lipopolysaccaride. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A43. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando;February 2004 (Poster)
  35. Mastropietro CW, Bojko T, Pon S, Greenwald BM: Evolution of a pediatric critical care interhospital transport system. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A76. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando;February 2004 (Poster)
  36. Malkani G, Meyer M, Ushay HM, Sun ZS, Greenwald BM: N-Methylnitrosourea induced lymphomas in circadian clock function deficient mice. Pediatr Res 2004; 50:299A Presented at: Pediatric Academic Societies#146; Annual Meeting; San Francisco; May 2004 (Poster)
  37. Roth KR, Pitetti RD, Orr RA, Cassidy LD, McKloskey K, Day S, Greenwald B, Pearson-Shaver A: Predicting mortality and measuring morbidity in pediatric transport. Crit Care Med 2004; 32,12; A5. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 34th Critical Care Congress; Phoenix; January 2005.
  38. Katyal C, Malkani G, Meyer M, Pon S, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Role of baseline corticosterone levels in survival after LPS induced septic shock in mice. Crit Care Med 2004; 32,12; A128. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 34th Critical Care Congress; Phoenix; January 2005. (Poster)
  39. Malkani G, Meyer M, Katyal C, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Circadian response of pro-inflammatory cytokines to lipopolysaccaride injection in mice. Crit Care Med 2004; 32,12; A129. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 34th Critical Care Congress; Phoenix; January 2005. (Poster)
  40. Katyal C, Meyer M, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Loss of circadian variation in corticosterone response to E. Coli lipopolysaccaride (LPS) in per2-/- knockout mice (P2KM). Crit Care Med 2005; 33,12; A148. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 35th Critical Care Congress; San Francisco; January 2006. (Poster)
  41. Traube C, Greenwald B, Wargall S: Immunization against RSV by genetic delivery of an anti-RSV antibody. Crit Care Med 2006; 34,12; A39. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 36th Critical Care Congress; Orlando; February 2007. (Poster)
  42. Ross SL, Greenwald B, Howell J, Pon S: Outcomes following thoracoabdominal resection for neuroblastoma. Crit Care Med 2006; 34,12; A74. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 36th Critical Care Congress; Orlando; February 2007. (Poster)

Honors and Awards

  1. 2011-2001, Castle Connolly: Top Doctors, New York Metro Area
  2. 2011, Elected - American College of Critical Care Medicine Board of Regents
  3. 2011, Society of Critical Care Medicine Presidential Citation
  4. 2011-2001, Best Doctors in America
  5. 2003, 1998, 1997, 1996 New York Magazine: Best Doctors in New York
  6. 2000-1998 Castle Connolly: How To Find the Best Doctors, New York Metro Area
  7. 2004-2006, Consumers#146; Research Council of America: America#146;s Top Pediatricians
  8. 2002, New York Presbyterian Hospital Service Excellence Award
  9. 2006, 2005, 2003, Society of Critical Care Medicine Presidential Citation
  10. 2004, Section on Transport Medicine Best Paper Award, American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition