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Testis tumors can arise from several different cells within the testicle. The most common (and aggressive) type of testis tumor are germ cell tumors. Germ cell tumors may be either seminomas (the most common germ cell tumor) or non-seminomatous tumors (including embryonal cell cancers, choriocarcinomas and teratomas). Other testis tumors are interstitial tumors or secondary cancers (tumors that arise from another organ and have spread to the testis.) Testis cancer is a highly curable disease entity when treated appropriately. For unknown reasons, testis cancer is becoming more prevalent in the U.S. and elsewhere. Just as self-examination for breast cancer is taught to young women, testicular self-examination should be encouraged among young men. Advanced medical techniques in diagnosis and treatment exist which effectively address this form of cancer with low risk of complications. As with many forms of cancer, early detection and treatment can significantly enhance prognosis. New guidelines for evaluation of men and new treatment techniques that limit the side-effects seen after curative treatment (including infertility and sexual dysfunction) have been developed by the Physicians of Brady Urology. Newer evaluation approaches allow earlier detection of testicular cancers when they are more likely to be curable with limited treatment (e.g., in tumors associated with microlithiasis). New treatments developed at Cornell allow preservation of testicular tissue and function with effective treatment of smaller testicular tumors.
For more information, please visit the TESTIS CANCER SECTION OF OUR DEPARTMENT WEBSITE.
Please note when seeking a physician, Drs. Nanus & Tagawa treat only advanced disease.