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After suffering a stroke, individuals may experience a number of symptoms — including weakness, muscle stiffness/musculoskeletal pain, cognitive issues, and speech and language problems—that make it difficult to manage their daily lives.
At Weill Cornell Medicine, we strive to improve stroke survivors’ quality of life by helping them regain as much of their functional abilities as possible through personalized and advanced stroke rehabilitation care.
Stroke Types and Risk Factors
Strokes happen in two main ways: When the flow of blood to the brain is blocked, or from bleeding in the brain.
• Ischemic stroke: Occurs when an obstruction (blood clot) cuts off the blood supply to the brain; ischemic strokes make up nearly 90% of all stroke cases.
• Transient ischemic attack (TIA): Often called a “mini stroke,” a TIA occurs as a result of a temporary blood clot that cuts off blood supply to the brain.
• Hemorrhagic stroke: Occurs when a blood vessel swells and bursts, causing bleeding in the brain, or when a weakened blood vessel leaks (e.g. aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations, or AVMs).
Certain lifestyle factors and medical conditions can increase a person’s risk of stroke; these include diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol (hyperlipidemia), cardiovascular disease, overweight or obesity, smoking, obstructive sleep apnea, physical inactivity, heavy drinking/binge drinking, and others.
Additionally, traumatic brain injury increases a person’s risk for stroke, and pediatric stroke (in-utero or in newborns) is a common cause of cerebral palsy.
Coordinated, Multidisciplinary Stroke Rehabilitation Care
We offer state-of-the-art treatments not available at other stroke rehabilitation centers, as well as proven approaches like physical, occupational, and speech-language and cognitive therapies.
Our physicians may also prescribe specialized exercise programs, medications, assistive devices, and spasticity treatments like botulinum toxin injections, as needed. Our expert stroke rehabilitation therapists focus not only on rehabilitation but on future stroke prevention as well.
Patients may also have the opportunity to try emerging treatments for stroke recovery and rehabilitation — such as robot-aided therapy — through clinical trials conducted by our physicians and researchers, who are active in creating and testing new treatments to improve the lives of those living with the after-effects of stroke.
Stroke treatment plans are personalized for each patient, based on his or her needs and goals, as well as a thorough review of an individual’s prior medical, neurological, and rehabilitation therapy histories. We work closely with physical therapy (PT), occupational therapy (OT), and speech-language pathology (SLP) staff at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital to coordinate stroke rehabilitation therapy and achieve the best possible outcome.
Weill Cornell Medicine provides stroke rehabilitation services at the Inpatient Rehabilitation Unit with NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City, at the Hebrew Home at Riverdale, and on an outpatient basis.