Frank A. Chervenak, M.D.

Maternal and Fetal Medicine
Frank Chervenak

Given Foundation Professor and Chairman

Obstetrician and Gynecologist In-Chief

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

 

Frank A. Chervenak, MD currently serves as the Given Foundation Professor and Chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, as well as Obstetrician and Gynecologist-in-Chief and the Director of Maternal Fetal Medicine at the New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Medical College of Cornell University. He received his Bachelor of Science degree from Pennsylvania State University with highest distinction, and his medical degree from Thomas Jefferson University where he was elected a member of Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society. Dr. Chervenak served his internship in Internal Medicine at New York Medical College, residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at New York Medical College in St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Center, and a fellowship in Maternal Fetal Medicine at Yale University School of Medicine. He was Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Mt. Sinai Medical Center, where he was also Director of Perinatal Research and received the Dr. Solomon Silver Award for application of advances in research to the practice of Clinical Medicine.

Dr. Chervenak was appointed Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Director of Obstetric Ultrasound and Ethics at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center in 1987. In 1991 he was named Director of Maternal Fetal Medicine and Director of Obstetrics. In 1992 he was made Full Professor with tenure, in 1998 he was named Vice Chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and in 1999 was named Acting Chairman of that department. Dr. Chervenak was named Chairman and Obstetrician and Gynecologist-in-Chief in 2000. He received his Master in Medical Management degree from Carnegie Mellon University in 2002 and earned fellowship status from the American College of Physician Executives in 2008.

Dr. Chervenak has published over 260 papers in peer review literature and has co-authored or co-edited 28 textbooks. Research interests include ultrasound and ethics in obstetrics & gynecology and physician leadership. He has been named a member of the Institute of Medicine of The National Academies. Dr. Chervenak has served on the Board of Governors of the American Institute in Ultrasound and Medicine and the Society of Perinatal Obstetricians. He has served as President of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine, International Fetal Medicine in Surgery Society, the New York Perinatal Society and the New York Academy of Medicine Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the New York Obstetrical Society. Currently, Dr. Chervenak serves as President of the International Society of the Fetus as a Patient, Vice-president of the International Academy of Perinatal Medicine, and Co-director of The Ian Donald Inter-University School of Medicine and Ultrasound. He serves on the March of Dimes Bioethics Committee and Prematurity Research Advisory Committee. .

 

He has been awarded honorary doctorates from Semmelweis University in Budapest, Hungary, the University of Athens, Greece, Carol Davila University of Medicine, Bucharest, Romani, and the University of The Republic, Montevideo, Uruguay. He is an honorary member of the Italian Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Barcelona Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Russian Association of Perinatal Medicine, Hungarian Ultrasound Society, the Texas Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the Croatian Association for Perinatal Medicine. He has been admitted as a fellow ad eundem of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Great Britain.

Insurances

Insurance Plans Accepted

The following represents most of the managed care plans accepted by this physician. If your insurance carrier does not appear here please feel free to contact this physician or this physician's practice as they may have individual contracts not included on this site.

  • AETNA [HMO]
  • AETNA [PPO]
  • AETNA [Medicare]
  • Aetna - Weill Cornell [POS]
  • Affinity Essential
  • Affinity Health Plan
  • CIGNA
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [EPO]
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [Mediblue (Senior)]
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [PPO]
  • Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield [HMO]
  • Fidelis Care
  • Health First
  • Health Plus - Amerigroup [CHP]
  • Health Plus - Amerigroup
  • Health Republic
  • Medicaid
  • Medicare [Medicare]
  • Medicare
  • Oscar
  • Oxford Health Plans [Liberty]
  • Oxford Health Plans [Freedom]
  • POMCO
  • Rockefeller University - CoreSource
  • UHC Compass
  • United Health Care
  • VNSNY CHOICE Medicare [HMO]

Publications

PUBLICATIONS IN REFEREED JOURNALS:

 

1.   Castadot MJ, Robinowitz M, Chervenak FA, Sedlis A, Boria MC. Recognizing malignancy in intrauterine contraceptive device users. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1980 Apr 1;136(7):966-7.

 

2.   Chervenak FA, Castadot MJ, Wiederman J, Sedlis A. Massive ovarian edema: Review of world literature and report of two cases. Obstet Gynecol Surv 1980 Nov;35(11):677-84.

 

3.   Chervenak FA, Greenlee, RM, Lewenstein L, Tovel HM. Massive ascites associated with endometriosis. Obstet Gynecol 1981 Mar;57(3):379-81.

 

4.   Stangel JJ, Chervenak FA, Mouradian-Davidian M. Microsurgical resection of bilateral fallopian tube polyps. Fertil Steril 1981 May;35(5):580-2.

 

5.   Gobeaux-Castadot MJ, Boria MC, Chervenak FA, Aubert JM. Five-year clinical experience with the copper 7 intrauterine device. Int J Obstet Gynecol 1981 Jun;19(3):181-92.

 

6.   Greenlee RM, Chervenak FA, Tovell HMM. Incisional recurrence of cervical carcinoma: Report of a case. JAMA 1981 Jul 3;246(1):69-70.

 

7.   Chervenak FA, Neuwirth RS. Hysteroscopic resection of the uterine septum. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1981 Oct 1;141(3):351-3.

 

8.   Romero R, Chervenak FA, DeVore G, Tortora M, Hobbins JC. Fetal head deformation and congenital torticollis associated with a uterine tumor. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1981 Dec 1;141(7):839-40.

 

9.   Chervenak FA, Stangel JJ, Nemec M, Amin MK. Mayer- Rokitansky-Keuster-Hauser syndrome. Congenital absence of vagina. NY State J Med 1982 Jan;82(1):23-6.

 

10.   Romero R, Chervenak FA, Kotzen J, Berkowitz RL, Hobbins JC. Antenatal sonographic findings of extralobar pulmonary sequestration. J Ultrasound Med 1982 Apr;1(3):131-2.

 

11.   Chervenak FA, Romero R, Berkowitz RL, Tortora M, Mayden K, Mahoney MJ, Hobbins JC. Antenatal sonographic findings of osteogenesis imperfecta. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982 May 15;143(2):228-30.

 

12.   Chervenak FA, Amin HK, Neuwirth RS. Symptomatic intrauterine retention of fetal bones. Obstet Gynecol 1982 Jun; 59(6 Suppl):58s-61s.

 

13.   Romero R, Chervenak FA, Coustan D, Berkowitz RL, Hobbins JC. Antenatal sonographic diagnosis of umbilical cord laceration. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982 Jul 15;143(6):719-20

 

14.   Chervenak FA, Shamsi MM. Is amniocentesis necessary prior to elective repeat cesarean section? Obstet Gynecol 1982 Sept;60(3):305-8.

 

15.   Romero R, Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL, Hobbins JC. Intrauterine fetal tachypnea. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982 Oct 1;144(3):356-7.

 

16.   Chervenak FA, Johnson RE, Berkowitz RL, Hobbins JC. Intrapartum external version of the second twin. Obstet Gynecol 1983 Aug;62(2):160-5.

 

17.   Chervenak FA, Blakemore KJ, Isaacson G, Mayden K, Hobbins JC. Antenatal sonographic findings of thanatophoric dysplasia with cloverleaf skull. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1983 Aug 15;146(8):984-5

 

18.   Isaacson G, Blakemore KJ, Chervenak FA. Thanatophoric dysplasia with cloverleaf skull. Am J Dis Child 1983 Sep;137(9):896-8.

 

19.   Romero R, Olsen TG, Chervenak FA, Hobbins JC. Pruritic urticarial papules and placques of pregnancy. J Reprod Med 1983 Sep;28(9):615-9.

 

20.   Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL. Successful external cephalic version in a massively obese patient. Obstet Gynecol 1983 Sep;62(3 Suppl):8s-9s.

 

21.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Blakemore KJ, Breg WR, Hobbins JC, Berkowitz RL, Tortora M, Mayden K, Mahoney MJ. Fetal cystic hygroma. Cause and natural history. N Engl J Med 1983 Oct 6;309(14):822-5.

 

22.   Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL, Romero R, Tortora M, Mayden K, Duncan C, Mahoney MJ, Hobbins JC. The diagnosis of fetal hydrocephalus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1983 Nov 15;147(6):703-16.

 

23.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Mahoney MJ, Tortora M, Mesologites T, Hobbins JC. The obstetrical significance of holoprosencephaly. Obstet Gynecol 1984;63:115-21.

 

24.   Chervenak FA, Johnson RE, Berkowitz RL, Grannum P, Hobbins JC. Is routine cesarean section necessary for vertex-breech and vertex-transverse twin gestations? Am J Obstet Gynecol 1984;148:1-5.

 

25.   Chervenak FA, Farley MA, Walters L, Hobbins JC, Mahoney MJ. When is the termination of pregnancy during the third trimester morally justifiable? N Engl J Med 1984;310:501-04.

 

26.   Chervenak FA, Duncan C, Ment LR, Tortora M, McClure M, Hobbins JC. The perinatal management of meningomyelocele. Obstet Gynecol 1984;63:376-80.

 

27.   Chervenak FA, Tortora M, Mayden K, Mesologites T, Isaacson G, Mahoney MJ, Hobbins JC. Antenatal diagnosis of median cleft face syndrome: Sonographic demonstration of cleft lip and hypertelorism. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1984;149:94-7.

 

28.   Chervenak FA, Romero R. Is there a role for fetal cephalocentesis in modern obstetrics? Am J Perinatol 1984;1:170-3.

 

29.   Tortora M, Chervenak FA, Mayden K, Hobbins JC. Antenatal sonographic diagnosis of a single umbilical artery. Obstet Gynecol 1984;63:693-6.

 

30.   Chervenak FA, Tortora M, Moya F, Hobbins JC. Antenatal sonographic diagnosis of epignathus. J Ultrasound Med 1984;3:235-7.

 

31.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Mahoney MJ, Berkowitz RL, Tortora M, Hobbins JC. The diagnosis and management of fetal cephalocele. Obstet Gynecol 1984;64:86-91.

 

32.   Chervenak FA, Jeanty P, Cantraine F, Chiktara U, Venus I, Berkowitz RL, Hobbins JC. The diagnosis of fetal microcephaly. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1984;149:512-7.

 

33.   Chervenak FA, Duncan C, Ment LR, Hobbins JC, McClure M, Scott D, Berkowitz RL. The outcome of fetal ventriculomegaly. Lancet 1984;2:179-82.

 

34.   Chervenak FA, Youcha S, Johnson RE, Berkowitz RL, Hobbins JC. Twin gestation, antenatal diagnosis and perinatal outcome in a series of 385 consecutive twin pregnancies. J Reprod Med 1984;29:727-30.

 

35.   Chervenak FA, Romero R, Berkowitz RL, Scott D, Tortora M, Hobbins JC. The use of sonographic estimated fetal weight in the prediction of intrauterine growth retardation. Am J Perinat 1984;1:298-301.

 

36.   Chervenak FA, Lee Y, Hendler M, Monoson RF, Berkowitz RL. Role of attempted vaginal delivery in the management placenta previa. Obstet Gynecol 1984;64:798-801.

 

37.   Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL, Tortora M, Chitkara U, Hobbins JC. The diagnosis of ventriculomegaly prior to fetal viability. Obstet Gynecol 1984;64:652-6.

 

38.   Jeanty P, Chervenak FA, Romero R, Michiels M, Hobbins JC. The Sylvian fissure. A commonly mislabeled cranial landmark. J Ultrasound Med 1984;3:15-8.

 

39.   Jeanty P, Chervenak FA, Grannum P, Hobbins JC. Normal ultrasonic size and characteristics of the fetal adrenal glands. Prenatal Diag 1984;4:21-8.

 

40.   Reece EA, Chervenak FA, Romero R, Hobbins JC. Magnesium sulfate in the management of acute intrapartum fetal distress. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1984;148:104-6.

 

41.   Reece EA, Romero R, Chervenak FA, Grannum PA, Hayslett JP, Hobbins JC. Chronic renal failure and severe diabetic vasculopathy in pregnancy. Am J Perinatol 1984;1:341-4.

 

42.   Mayden KL, Tortora M, Chervenak FA, Hobbins JC. The antenatal sonographic detection of lung masses. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1984;148:349-51.

 

43.   Reece ES, Chervenak FA, Moya FR, Hobbins JC. Amniotic fluid arborization: Effect of blood, meconium, and pH alterations. Obstet Gynecol 1984;64:248-50.

 

44.   Chervenak FA, Tortora M, Hobbins JC. Antenatal sonographic diagnosis of clubfoot. J Ultrasound Med 1985;4:49-50.

 

45.   Chervenak FA, Pinto MM, Heller CI, Norooz H. Obstetric significance of fetal craniofacial duplication. J Reprod Med 1985;30:74-6.

 

46.   Chervenak FA, Johnson RE, Youcha S, Hobbins JC, Berkowitz RL. Intrapartum management of twin gestation. Obstet Gynecol 1985;65:119-24.

 

47.   Wachtel SS, Chervenak FA, Brunner M, Lehn-Jensen H. Notes on the biology of H-Y antigen. J Pediatr Endocrinol 1985;1:1-13.

 

48.   Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL, Tortora M, Hobbins JC. The management of fetal hydrocephalus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985;151:933-42.

 

49.   Chervenak FA, Dorfman SF, Holder AR, Ehrenkranz RA, Bowers C, Furlong R, Berkowitz RL, Hobbins JC. The need for routine sonography prior to late abortion. NY State J Med 1985;85:4-5.

 

50.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Tortora M. A sonographic study of fetal cystic hygromas. J Clin Ultrasound 1985;5:311-15.

 

51.   Chervenak FA, Berkowitz GS, Thornton J, Kriess C, Youcha S, Ehrenkranz RA, Hobbins JC, Berkowitz RL. A comparison of sonographic estimation of fetal weight and obstetrically determined gestational age in the prediction of neonatal outcome for the very low birth weight fetus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985;152:47-50.

 

52.   Chervenak FA, Hobbins JC, Wertheimer I, O'Neal J-P, Mahoney MJ. The natural history of ventriculomegaly in a fetus without obstructive hydrocephalus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985;152:574-5.

 

53.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Hobbins JC, Chitkara U, Tortora M, Berkowitz RL. The diagnosis and management of fetal holoprosencephaly. Obstet Gynecol 1985;66:322-6.

 

54.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Perinatal ethics: A practical method of analysis of obligations to mother and fetus. Obstet Gynecol 1985;66:442-6.

 

55.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Touloukian R, Tortora M, Berkowitz RL, Hobbins JC. The diagnosis and management of fetal teratomas. Obstet Gynecol 1985;66:666-71.

 

56.   Jeanty P, Beck GJ, Chervenak FA, Kremkau FW, Hobbins JC. A comparison of sector and linear array scanners for the measurement of the fetal femur. J Ultrasound Med 1985;4:525-30.

 

57.   Reece EA, Chervenak FA, Coultrip L, Hobbins JC. The perinatal management of pregnancy complicated by massive intracranial hemorrhage. Am J Perinat 1985;1:266-7.

 

58.   Chitkara U, Berkowitz GS, Levine R, Riden DJ, Fagerstrom RM, Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL. Twin pregnancy: Routine use of ultrasound examinations in the prenatal diagnosis of IUGR and discordant growth. Am J Perinatol 1985;2:49-54.

 

59.   Romero R, Kadar N, Jeanty P, Copel JA, Chervenak FA, DeCherney A, Hobbins JC. Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy: Value of the discriminatory human chorionic gonadotropin zone. Obstet Gynecol 1985;66:357-60.

 

60.   Chervenak FA, Herslinger R, Freedman R, Lamastra P. Current perspectives on iatrogenic neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. J Reprod Med 1986;31:53-7.

 

61.   Chervenak FA, Brightman RC, Thornton J, Berkowitz GS, David S. An analysis of fetal crown-rump length and maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin concentration in the prediction of gestational age. Obstet Gynecol 1986;67:210-3.

 

62.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Rosenberg J, Kardon NB. Antenatal diagnosis of frontal cephalocele in a fetus with atelosteogenesis. J Ultrasound Med 1986;5:111-13.

 

63.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethical analysis of the intrapartum management of pregnancy complicated by fetal hydrocephalus with macrocephaly. Obstet Gynecol 1986;68:720-4.

 

64.   Chervenak FA, Goldberg JD, Chiu TH, Gilbert F, Berkowitz RL. The importance of karyotype determination in a fetus with ventriculomegaly and spina bifida discovered during the third trimester. J Ultrasound Med 1986;5:405-6.

 

65.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Mahoney MJ: Current concepts: Advances in the diagnosis of fetal defects. N Engl J Med 1986 Jul 31; 315(5):305-7.

 

66.   Goldberg JD, Chervenak FA, Lipman RA, Berkowitz RL. Antenatal sonographic diagnosis of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Prenat Diag 1986;6:45-9.

 

67.   Rosenberg JC, Chervenak FA, Walker BA, Chitkara U, Berkowitz RL. Antenatal sonographic appearance of omphalomesenteric duct cyst. J Ultrasound Med 1986;5:719-20.

 

68.   Berkowitz GS, Chang K, Chervenak FA, Krouskop R, Wilkins IA. Decreasing frequency of iatrogenic neonatal respiratory distress. Am J Perinatol 1986;3:205-8.

 

69.   Berkowitz RL, Chitkara U, Goldberg JD, Wilkins I, Chervenak FA. Intravascular transfusion in utero: The percutaneous approach. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1986;154:622-4.

 

70.   Mittelmann-Handwerker S, Pardes JG, Post RC, Sumula M, Rosenberg JC, Chervenak FA. Fetal ventriculomegaly and brain atrophy in a woman with intrauterine cytomegalovirus infection. J Reprod Med 1986;31:1061-4.

 

71.   Wilkins I, Goldberg J, Phillips R, Bacall C, Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL. The long term use of MgSO4 as a tocolytic agent. Obstet Gynecol 1986;67:38S-40S.

 

72.   Berkowitz RL, Chitkara U, Goldberg JD, Wilkins I, Chervenak FA, Lynch L. Intrauterine intravascular transfusions for severe red cell iso-immunization: Ultrasound guided percutaneous approach. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1986;155:574-81.

 

73.   Chervenak FA, Rosenberg J, Brightman RC, Chitkara U, Jeanty P. A prospective study of the accuracy of ultrasound in predicting fetal microcephaly. Obstet Gynecol 1987;69:908-10.

 

74.   Shah KD, Chervenak FA, Marchevsky AM, Rosenberg JG, Berkowitz RL. Fetal giant hemangiolymphangioma: Report of a case. Am J Perinatol 1987;4:212-14.

 

75.   Chitkara U, Rosenberg J, Chervenak FA, Berkowitz GS, Levine R, Fagerstrom RM, Walker B, Berkowitz RL. Prenatal sonographic assessment of the fetal thorax: Normal values. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1987;156:1069-74.

 

76.   Bowers C, Devine PA, Chervenak FA. Dilation and evacuation during the second trimester of pregnancy in a woman with primary pulmonary hypertension: A case report. J Reprod Med 1988;33: 787-8.

 

77.   Bowers C, Chervenak JL, Chervenak FA. Late-second-trimester pregnancy termination with dilation and evacuation in critically ill women. J Reprod Med 1989;34:880-3.

 

78.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Chervenak JL. Prenatal informed consent for sonogram (PICS): An indication for obstetric ultrasound. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989;161:857-60.

 

79.   Bond AL, Grifo JA, Chervenak FA, Kramer EE, Harris MA. Term interstitial pregnancy with uterine torsion: Sonographic, pathologic, and clinical findings. Obstet Gynecol 1989;73:857-8.

 

80.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Nonaggressive obstetric management. An option for some fetal anomalies during the third trimester. JAMA 1989;261:3439-40.

 

81.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics in obstetric ultrasound. J Ultrasound Med 1989;8:493-7.

 

82.   Veridiano N, Fresko O, Chervenak FA. Antenatal diagnosis of acardiac, acephalic twin. Int J Gynecol Obstet 1989;30:179-83.

 

83.   Brown EG, Mendoza GJB, Chervenak FA, Karmel BZ, Krouskop RW, LeBlanc MH, Winslow RM, Moll GW. The relationship of maternal erythrocyte oxygen transport parameters to intrauterine growth retardation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1990;162:223-8.

 

84.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethically justified, clinically comprehensive management strategy for third-trimester pregnancies complicated by fetal anomalies. Obstet Gynecol 1990;75:311-6.

 

85.   Wapner RJ, Davis GH, Johnson A, Weinblatt VJ, Fischer RL, Jackson LG, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Selective termination of multifetal pregnancies. Lancet 1990;1:90-3.

 

86.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Clinical guides to preventing ethical conflicts between pregnant women and their physicians. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1990;162:303-7.

 

87.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Does obstetric ethics have any role in the obstetrician's response to the abortion controversy? Am J Obstet Gynecol 1990 Nov;163:1425-9.

 

88.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Preventive ethics strategies for drug abuse during pregnancy. J Clin Ethics 1990;1:157-8.

 

89.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics, an emerging subdiscipline of obstetric ultrasound, and its relevance to the routine obstetric scan. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1991 Jan 1;1(1):18-20.

 

90.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Justified limits on refusing intervention. Hastings Cen Rep 1991;21(2):12-8.

 

91.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Respect for the autonomy of the pregnant woman in surrogacy agreements. An elaboration of a fundamental ethical concern. Women's Health Issues 1991;1:143-4.

 

92.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Inadequacies with the ACOG and AAP ethics statements on conflicts in maternal-fetal care. Jour Clin Ethics 1991;2:23-4.

 

93.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The fetus as patient: Implications for directive versus non-directive counseling for fetal benefit. Fetal Diag Ther 1991;6(1-2):93-100.

 

94.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethically based standard of care for fetal therapy. Jour Maternal-Fetal Invest 1991;1:175-80.

 

95.   Evans MI, Chervenak FA, Eden RD. Report of the Council on Scientific Affairs of the American Medical Association: Ultrasound evaluation of the fetus. Fet Diag Ther 1991;6:132-47.

 

96.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Wapner RJ. Selective termination to a singleton pregnancy is ethically justified. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Mar 1;2(2):84-7.

 

97.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Selective termination down to a singleton pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1992 May 1;2(3):231.

 

98.   McCullough LB, Coverdale J, Bayer T, Chervenak FA. Ethically justified guidelines for family planning interventions to prevent pregnancy in female patients with chronic mental illness. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1992Jul;167(1):19-25.

 

99.   Perpignano MC, Cohen ML, Klein VR, Mandel F, Streltzoff J, Chervenak FA, Goldman MA. Fetal choroid plexus cysts: Beware the smaller cyst. Radiology 1992;182:715-7.

 

100.   Skupski D, Bond A, Chervenak FA. Short umbilical cord. The Fetus 1992;2:1-2.

 

101.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. How to critically evaluate positions on obstetric ethics. J Reprod Med 1993;38:281-4.

 

102.   Chatkupt S, Chatkupt S, Kohut G, Chervenak FA. Antepartum diagnosis of discordant anencephaly in dicephalic conjoined twins. J Clin Ultrasound 1993;21:138-42.

 

103.   Druzin ML, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Blatman RN, Neidich JA. Should all pregnant patients be offered prenatal diagnosis irrespective of age? Obstet Gynecol 1993;81:615-8.

 

104.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The importance of ethics to the practice of obstetric ultrasound. Ann Med 1993;25:271-4.

 

105.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical issues in recommending and offering fetal therapy. Western J Med 1993 Sep;159(3):396-9.

 

106.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Identification and management of ethical conflict in the patient-gynecologist relationship. J Reprod Med 1993;38:553-7.

 

107.   Petrikowsky BM, Chervenak FA, Schapfel DM. Epignathus. The Fetus 1993;3:5-6.

 

108.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Skupski D. An ethical justification for emergency coerced cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol 1993;82:1029-35.

 

109.   O'Brien J, Drugan A, Chervenak FA, et al. Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein screening: the need to use race/ethnic specific medians in Asians. Fet Diag Ther 1993;8:367-70.

 

110.   Scaradavou A, Inglis S, Peterson P, Dunne J, Chervenak FA, Bussel J. Suppression of erythrypoiesis by intrauterine transfusions in hemolytic disease of the newborn: the use of erythropoietin to treat the late anemia. J Pediatr 1993;123:279-84.

 

111.   Lysikiewicz A, Inglis S, Bracero L, Chervenak FA, Tejani N. Neural network predicts fetal hematocrit in fetal isoimmunization. J Maternal-Fetal Med 1993;2:261-4.

 

112.   Coverdale JH, Bayer TL, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Respecting the autonomy of chronic mentally ill women in decisions about contraception. Hosp Community Psych 1993;44:671-4.

 

113.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Should all pregnant women have an ultrasound examination? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1994 May 1;4(3):177-80

 

114.   Inglis S, Jeremias J, Kuno K, Lescale K, Peeper Q, Chervenak FA, Witkin S. Detection of tumor necrosis factor-2, interleukin-6 and fetal fibronectin in the lower genital tract during pregnancy: relation to outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994;171:5-10.

 

115.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Obstetric ethics and the abortion controversy. Am J Ethics & Med 1994;3:3-6.

 

116.   Thorney SD, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Ethical and spiritual considerations for treatment. Decisions associated with cancer in pregnancy. Cancer Bull 1994;46:391-4.

 

117.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Wapner R. Three ethically justified indications for selective termination in multifetal pregnancy: a practical and comprehensive management strategy. J Assist Reprod Genet 1995;12:531-6.

 

118.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Campbell S. Is third trimester abortion justified? Brit J Obstet Gynæcol 1995;102:434-5.

 

119.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. What is obstetric ethics? J Perinat Med 1995;23:331-41.

 

120.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Routine obstetric ultrasound. Int J Obstet Gynecol 1995 Sep;50(3):233-42.

 

121.   Coverdale JH, Bayer T, McCullough LB, Chervenak F. Sexually transmitted disease prevention services for female chronically mentally ill patients. Community Ment Health J 1995;31:303-15.

 

122.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The threat of the new managed practice of medicine to patient autonomy. J Clin Ethics 1995;6:320-3.

 

123.   Skupski DW, Streltzoff J, Hutson JM, Rosenwaks Z, Cohen J, Chervenak FA. Early diagnosis of conjoined twins in a triplet pregnancy following in vitro fertilization and assisted hatching. J Ultrasound Med 1995;14:611-6.

 

124.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical implications for early pregnancy of the fetus as a patient: A basic ethical concept in fetal medicine. Early Preg: Bio and Med 1995 Dec;1(4):253-7.

 

125.   Coverdale JM, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Bayer T. Ethically justified clinically comprehensive guidelines for the management of the depressed pregnant patient. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996 Jan;174:169-173.

 

126.   ÂŠoši A, Skupski D, Streltzoff J, Yun H, Chervenak FA. Vascularity of uterine myomas: assessment by color and pulsed Doppler ultrasound. Int J Gynecol Obstet 1996;54:245-50.

 

127.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethically justified algorithm for offering, recommending, and performing cesarean delivery and its application to managed care practice. Obstet Gynecol 1996;87:331-41.

 

128.   Lescale KB, Inglis SR, Eddleman KA, Peeper EQ, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Conflicts between physicians and patients in non-elective cesarean delivery: incidence and adequacy of informed consent. Am J Perinatol 1996;13:171-6.

 

129.   Inglis SR, Kysikiewicz A, Sonnenblick AL, Streltzoff J, Bussel JB, Chervenak FA. Advantages of larger volume, less frequent intrauterine red blood cell transfusions for maternal red cell alloimmunization. Am J Perinatol 1996;13:27-34.

 

130.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Horowitz S. Cesarean delivery for intrapartum fetal heart rate abnormalities: incorporating survey data into clinical judgement. Obstet Gynecol 1996;88:60-4.

 

131.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The fetus as a patient: an essential ethical concept for maternal-fetal medicine. J Maternal-Fetal Med 1996;5:115-9.

 

132.   McCullough LB, Chervenak FA, Coverdale JH. Ethically justified guidelines for defining sexual boundaries between obstetrician-gynecologists and their patients. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996;175:496-500.

 

133.   Eddleman KA, Chervenak FA, George-Siegel P, Migliaccio G, Migliaccio AR. Circulating hematopoietic stem cells populations in human fetuses: implications for fetal gene therapy and alterations with in utero red cell transfusion. Fet Diagn Therapy 1996;11:231-40.

 

134.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Chez R. Responding to the ethical challenges posed by the business of managed care in the practice of obstetrics and gynecology. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996 Sep;175:523-7.

 

135.   Smith-Levitin M, Kowalik A, Birnholz J, Hutson M, Skupski E, Rosenwaks Z, Chervenak FA. Selective reduction of multifetal pregnancies to twins improves outcome over nonreduced triplet gestations. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996;175:878-82.

 

136.   Skupski DW, Newman S, Edersheim T, Hutson JM, Chervenak FA. The impact of routine obstetric ultrasound screening in a low risk population. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996;175:1142-5.

 

137.   Skupski DW, Sepulveda W, Udom-Rise I, Leo M, Lescale K, Chervenak FA. Fetal seizures: further observations. Obstet Gynecol 1996;88:663-5.

 

138.   Coverdale JM, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA, Bayer T. Clinical implications and management strategies when depression occurs during pregnancy. Aust NZ J Obstet Gynæcol 1996 Nov;36(4):424-9.

 

139.   Coverdale JH, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA, Bayer T, Weeks S. Clinical implications of respect for autonomy when managing the depressed pregnant patient. Psychiatric Services 1997;48:209-12.

 

140.   Coverdale JH, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies in chronically ill psychiatric patients. Med J Aust 1997 Mar 3;166(5):231-2.

 

141.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethical justification of reduction and selective termination of multifetal pregnancy. Israel J Obstet Gynecol 1997;8:49-51.

 

142.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The limits of viability. J Perinat Med 1997;25(5):418-20.

 

143.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics in obstetrics and gynecology: an overview. Euro J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Med 1997 Dec;75(1):91-4.

 

144.   Smith-Levitin M, Blickstein I, Albrecht-Shach A, Goldman RD, Gurewitsch E, Streltzoff J, Chervenak FA. Quantitative assessment of gray-level perception: observers' accuracy is dependent on density differences. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1997;10:346-9.

 

145.   Blickstein I, Smith-Levitin M, Gurewitsch E, Streltzoff J, Goldman P, Chervenak FA. Computed tomography: requiem to echogenecity assessment? Gynecol Obstet Invest 1997;44:244-87.

 

146.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Ledger WJ. Ethical dimensions of human immunodeficiency virus infection during pregnancy. Infectious Dis Obstet Gynecol 1997;5:192-8.

 

147.   Chervenak FA, Skupski DW, Romero R, Myers MK, Smith-Levitin M, Rosenwaks Z, Thaley HT. How accurate is fetal biometry in the assessment of fetal age? Am J Obstet Gynecol 1998 Apr;178(4):678-87.

 

148.   Fleischman A, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The physician's moral obligations to the pregnant woman, the fetus, and the child. Seminars Perinat 1998 Jun;22(3):184-8.

 

149.   McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Ethical challenges in the managed practice of obstetrics and gynecology. Obstet Gynecol 1999;93:304-7.

 

150.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Campbell S. Third trimester abortion: Is compassion enough? Brit J Obstet Gynæcol 1999;106:293-6.

 

151.   Lopoo JB, Hedrick MH, Chasen S, Montgomery L, Chervenak FA, Goldstein R, Hoffman WY, Harrison MR, Longaker MT: Natural history of fetuses with cleft lip. Plastic Reconstruc Surg 1999;103:34-8.

 

152.   Borruto F, Chasen ST, Chervenak FA, Fedele L. The Vecchietti procedure for surgical treatment of vaginal agenesis: comparison of laparoscopy and laparatomy. Int J. Obstet Gynecol 1999;64:153-8.

 

153.   Chasen ST, Madden A, Chervenak FA. Cesarean delivery of twins and neonatal respiratory disorders. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1999;181:1052-6.

 

154.   De Crespigny L, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Mothers and babies, pregnant women, and fetuses. Brit J Obstet Gynæcol 1999;106:1235-37.

 

155.   Udom-Rice I, Inglis SR, Skupski D, Adams D, Chervenak FA. Optimal gestational age for twin delivery. J Perinat 2000;20:231-4.

 

156.   Chasen ST, Al-Kouatly HB, Chervenak FA. Correlation between prenatal and neonatal birth order in twin pregnancy. Am J Perinatol 2001;18(3):151-4.

 

157.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The moral foundation of medical leadership: the professional virtues of the physician as fiduciary of the patient. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001;184:875-9.

 

158.   Ahner R, Bikas D, Rabi M, Al-Kouatly HB, Krauss AN, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Ethical implications of aggressive obstetric management at less than 28 weeks of gestation. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2001;80:120-5.

 

159.   Chasen S, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The role of cephalocentesis in modern obstetrics. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001;185:734-6.

 

160.   Chasen S, Skupski DW, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Prenatal informed consent for sonogram: the time for first trimester nuchal translucency has come. J Ultrasound Med 2001; 20:1147-1152.

 

161.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Rosenwaks Z. Ethical dimensions of the number of embryos to be transferred in in vitro fertilization. J Assist Reprod Genet 2001;185:583-7.

 

162.   Al-Kouatly HB, Chasen S, Karam KⰀ 䄀栀渀攀爀 刀Ⰰ 䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀⸀ 䘀愀挀琀漀爀猀 愀猀猀漀挀椀愀琀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 昀攀琀愀氀 搀攀洀椀猀攀 椀渀 椀猀漀氀愀琀攀搀 攀挀栀漀最攀渀椀挀 戀漀眀攀氀⸀ 䄀洀 䨀 伀戀猀琀攀琀 䜀礀渀攀挀漀氀 ㈀  ㄀㬀㄀㠀㔀㨀㄀ ㌀㤀ⴀ㐀㌀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㄀㘀㌀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀䄀氀ⴀ䬀漀甀愀琀氀礀 䠀䈀Ⰰ 䌀栀愀猀攀渀 匀Ⰰ 匀琀爀攀氀琀稀漀昀昀 䨀Ⰰ 䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀⸀ 吀栀攀 挀氀椀渀椀挀愀氀 猀椀最渀椀昀椀挀愀渀挀攀 漀昀 椀猀漀氀愀琀攀搀 攀挀栀漀最攀渀椀挀 戀漀眀攀氀⸀ 䄀洀 䨀 伀戀猀琀攀琀 䜀礀渀攀挀漀氀 ㈀  ㄀㬀㄀㠀㔀㨀㄀ ㌀㔀ⴀ㠀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㄀㘀㐀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀䄀氀ⴀ䬀漀甀愀琀氀礀 䠀䈀Ⰰ 䌀栀愀猀攀渀 匀吀Ⰰ 䜀椀氀戀攀爀琀 䘀Ⰰ 䄀栀渀攀爀 刀Ⰰ 䄀氀漀渀猀漀 䰀䴀Ⰰ 䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀⸀ 䌀漀爀爀攀氀愀琀椀漀渀 戀攀琀眀攀攀渀 爀愀爀攀 挀栀爀漀洀漀猀漀洀愀氀 愀戀渀漀爀洀愀氀椀琀椀攀猀 愀渀搀 瀀爀攀渀愀琀愀氀 甀氀琀爀愀猀漀甀渀搀 昀椀渀搀椀渀最猀⸀ 䄀洀 䨀 䴀攀搀 䜀攀渀攀琀 ㈀  ㈀㬀㄀ 㜀㨀㄀㤀㜀ⴀ㈀  ⸀ 㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㄀㘀㔀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀Ⰰ 䴀挀䌀甀氀氀漀甀最栀 䰀䈀⸀ 倀爀漀昀攀猀猀椀漀渀愀氀椀猀洀 愀渀搀 樀甀猀琀椀挀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 氀攀愀搀攀爀猀栀椀瀀 漀昀 愀挀愀搀攀洀椀挀 洀攀搀椀挀愀氀 挀攀渀琀攀爀猀⸀ 䄀挀愀搀 䴀攀搀 ㈀  ㈀㬀㜀㜀㨀㐀㔀ⴀ㜀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㄀㘀㘀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀Ⰰ 䴀挀䌀甀氀氀漀甀最栀 䰀䈀⸀ 䄀 挀漀洀瀀爀攀栀攀渀猀椀瘀攀 攀琀栀椀挀愀氀 昀爀愀洀攀眀漀爀欀 昀漀爀 昀攀琀愀氀 爀攀猀攀愀爀挀栀 愀渀搀 椀琀猀 愀瀀瀀氀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀 琀漀 昀攀琀愀氀 猀甀爀最攀爀礀 昀漀爀 猀瀀椀渀愀 戀椀昀椀搀愀⸀ 䄀洀 䨀 伀戀猀琀攀琀 䜀礀渀攀挀漀氀 ㈀  ㈀ 䨀甀氀礀㬀㄀㠀㜀⠀㄀⤀㨀㄀ ⴀ㐀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㄀㘀㜀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀䌀漀瘀攀爀搀愀氀攀 䨀䠀Ⰰ 䴀挀䌀甀氀氀漀甀最栀 䰀䈀Ⰰ 䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀⸀ 䔀渀栀愀渀挀椀渀最 搀攀挀椀猀椀漀渀ⴀ洀愀欀椀渀最 戀礀 搀攀瀀爀攀猀猀攀搀 瀀爀攀最渀愀渀琀 瀀愀琀椀攀渀琀猀⸀ 䨀 倀攀爀椀渀愀琀 䴀攀搀 ㈀  ㈀㬀㌀ ⠀㐀⤀㨀㌀㐀㤀ⴀ㔀㄀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㄀㘀㠀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀䴀挀䌀甀氀氀漀甀最栀 䰀䈀Ⰰ 䌀漀瘀攀爀搀愀氀攀 䨀䠀Ⰰ 䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀⸀ 䔀琀栀椀挀愀氀 挀栀愀氀氀攀渀最攀猀 漀昀 搀攀挀椀猀椀漀渀 洀愀欀椀渀最 眀椀琀栀 瀀爀攀最渀愀渀琀 瀀愀琀椀攀渀琀猀 眀栀漀 栀愀瘀攀 猀挀栀椀稀漀瀀栀爀攀渀椀愀⸀ 䄀洀 䨀 伀戀猀琀攀琀 䜀礀渀攀挀漀氀 ㈀  ㈀ 匀攀瀀㬀㄀㠀㜀⠀㌀⤀㨀㘀㤀㘀ⴀ㜀 ㈀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㄀㘀㤀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀sp;Kalish RB, Chasen ST, Rosenzweig LB, Rashbaum WK, Chervenak FA. Impact of midtrimester dilation and evacuation on subsequent pregnancy outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002 Oct;187(4):882-5.

 

170.   Evans MI, Harrison H, O’Brien JE, Huang X, Chervenak FA, Henry GP, Wapner RJ. Maternal weight correction for alpha-fetoprotein: mathematical truncations revisited. Genet Test 2002 Fall;6(3):221-3.

 

171.   Kalish RB, Chasen ST, Rosenzweig L, Chervenak FA. Esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula: the impact of prenatal suspicion on neonatal outcome in a tertiary care center. J Perinat Med 2003;31(2):111-4.

 

172.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Physicians and hospital managers as cofiduciaries of patients: rhetoric or reality? J Healthc Manag 2003 May-Jun;48(3):172-9; discussion 180.

 

173.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Skupski D, Chasen ST. Ethical issues in the management of pregnancies complicated by fetal anomalies. Obstet Gynecol Surv 2003 Jul;58(7):473-83.

 

174.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The Cornell University experience. Fetal Diagn Ther 2003 Jul-Aug;18(4):217-22.

 

175.   Al-Kouatly HB, Chasen ST, Kalish RB, Chervenak FA. Causes of thrombocytopenia in triplet gestations. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003 Jul;189(1):177-80.

 

176.   Chasen ST, Sharma G, Kalish RB, Chervenak FA. First-trimester screening for aneuploidy with fetal nuchal translucency in a United States population. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003 Aug;22(2):149-51.

 

177.   Kalish RB, Chasen ST, Gupta M, Sharma G, Perni SC, Chervenak FA. First trimester prediction of growth discordance in twin gestations. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003 Sep;189(3):706-9.

 

178.   Gurewitsch ED, Johnson E, Allen RH, Diament P, Fong J, Weinstein D, Chervenak FA. The descent curve of the grand multiparous woman. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003 Oct;189(4):1036-41.

 

179.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Knapp RC, Caputo TA, Barber HR. A clinically comprehensive ethical framework for offering and recommending cancer treatment before and during pregnancy. Cancer 2004 Jan 15;100(2):215-22.

 

180.   Minkoff H, Powderly KR, Chervenak F, McCullough LB. Ethical dimensions of elective primary cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol 2004 Feb;103(2):387-92.

 

181.   Chasen ST, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Is nuchal translucency screening associated with different rates of invasive testing in an older obstetric population? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004 Mar;190(3):769-74.

 

182.   Chasen ST, Kalish RB, Gupta M, Kaufman JE, Rashbaum WK, Chervenak FA. Dilation and evacuation at >or=20 weeks: comparison of operative techniques. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004 May;190(5):1180-3.

 

183.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Neglected ethical dimensions of the professional liability crisis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004 May;190(5):1198-200.

 

184.   Kalish RB, McCullough LB, Gupta M, Thaler HT, Chervenak FA. Intrapartum elective cesarean delivery: a previously unrecognized clinical entity. Obstet Gynecol 2004 Jun;103(6):1137-41.

 

185.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Birnbach DJ. Ethical issues in fetal surgery research.

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2004 Jun;18(2):221-30. Review.

 

186.   Predanic M, Pernic SC, Chasen S, Chervenak FA. Fetal aneuploidy and umbilical cord thickness measured between 14 and 23 weeks' gestational age. J Ultrasound Med 2004 Sep;23(9):1177-83; quiz 1185.

 

187.   Kalish RB, Thaler HT, Chasen ST, Gupta M, Berman SJ, Rosenwaks Z, Chervenak FA. First- and second-trimester ultrasound assessment of gestational age. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004 Sep;191(3):975-8.

 

188.   Grunebaum A, Chervenak FA. The baby or the bath water: which one should be discarded?

J Perinat Med. 2004;32(4):306-7.

 

189.   deCrespigny L, Chervenak F, Coquel PA, Ville Y, McCullough LB. Practicing prenatal diagnosis within the law. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004 Oct;24(5):489-94.

 

190.   McCullough LB, Coverdale JH, Chervenak FA. Argument-based medical ethics: A formal tool for critically appraising the normative medical ethics literature. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004 Oct;191(4):1097-102.

 

191.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethical framework for identifying, preventing, and managing conflicts confronting leaders of academic health centers. Acad Med 2004 Nov;79(11):1056-61.

 

192.   Perni SC, Chervenak FA, Kalish RB, Magherini-Rothe S, Predanic M, Streltzoff J, Skupski DW. Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility of fetal biometry. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004 Nov;24(6):654-8.

 

193.   Coverdale JH, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Assisted and surrogate decision making for pregnant patients who have schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2004;30(3):659-64

 

194.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An Ethical Critique of Boutique Fetal Imaging: A case for the medicalization of fetal imaging. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Jan;192(1):31-3.

 

195.   Predanic M, Perni SC, Chasen ST, Baergen RN, Chervenak FA. Assessment of umbilical cord coiling during the routine fetal sonographic anatomic survey in the second trimester. J Ultrasound Med. 2005 Feb;24(2):185-91; quiz 192-3.

 

196.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The diagnosis and management of progressive dysfunction of health care organizations. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Apr;105(4):882-7.

 

197.   Chasen ST, Spiro SJ, Kalish RB, Chervenak FA. Changes in fetal presentation in twin pregnancies. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Jan;17(1):45-8.

 

198.   Predanic M, Perni SC, Friedman A, Chervenak FA, Chasen ST. Fetal growth assessment and neonatal birth weight in fetuses with an isolated single umbilical artery. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May;105(5 Pt 1):1093-7.

 

199.   Predanic M, Perni SC, Baergen RN, Jean-Pierre C, Chasen ST, Chervenak FA. A sonographic assessment of different patterns of placenta previa "migration" in the third trimester of pregnancy. J Ultrasound Med. 2005 Jun;24(6):773-80.

 

200.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Implementation of first-trimester risk assessment for trisomy 21: ethical considerations. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Jun;192(6):1777-81.

 

201.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Responsibly managing the medical school--teaching hospital power relationship. Acad Med. 2005 Jul;80(7):690-3.

 

202.   Nicolaides KH, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Avgidou K, Papageorghiou A. Evidence-based obstetric ethics and informed decision-making by pregnant women about invasive diagnosis after first-trimester assessment of risk for trisomy 21. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Aug;193(2):322-6.

 

203.   Predanic M, Perni SC, Chasen ST, Baergen RN, Chervenak FA. Ultrasound evaluation of abnormal umbilical cord coiling in second trimester of gestation in association with adverse pregnancy outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Aug;193(2):387-94.

 

204.   McCullough LB, Coverdale JH, Chervenak FA. A comprehensive ethical framework for responsibly designing and conducting pharmacologic research that involves pregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005 Sep;193(3 Pt 2):901-7.

 

205.   Chasen ST, Kalish RB, Gupta M, Kaufman J, Chervenak FA. Obstetric outcomes after sugical abortion at >or =20 weeks’ gestation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005 Sep;193(3 Pt 2):1161-4.

 

206.   Sharma G, Gold HT, Chervenak FA, McCullough L, Alt AK, Chase ST. Patient preference regarding first-trimester aneuploidy risk assessment. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005 Oct;193(4):1429-36.

 

207.   Perni SC, Predanic M, Kalish RB, Chervenak FA, Chasen ST. Clinical use of first-trimester aneuploidy screening in a United States population can replicate data from clinical trials. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006 Jan;194(1):127-30.

 

208.   Kalish RB, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Decision-making about cesarean delivery. Lancet. 2006 Mar 18;367(9514):883-5.

 

209.   Predanic M, Perni SC, Chervenak FA. Antenatal umbilical coiling index and Doppler flow characteristics. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006 Mar;28(5):699-703.

 

210.   McGraw MP, Perlman J, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Clinical concepts of futility and ethically justified limits on neonatal care: a case presentation of an infant with Apgar scores of 0 at 1, 5, and 10 minutes. Am J Perinatol. 2006 Apr;23(3):159-62.

 

211.   Chasen ST, Perni SC, Predanic M, Kalish RB, Chervenak FA. Does a "vanishing twin" affect first-trimester biochemistry in Down syndrome risk assessment? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Jul;195(1):236-9.

 

212.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Baril TE Sr. Ethics, a neglected dimension of power relationships of physician leaders. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Sep;195(3):651-6.

 

213.   McCullough LB, Coverdale JH, Chervenak FA. Preventive ethics for including women of childbearing potential in clinical trials. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 May;194(5):1221-7.

 

214.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Scientifically and ethically responsible innovation and research in ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Jul;28(1):1-4.

 

215.   Chasen ST, Kalish RB, Chervenak FA. Gestational age at abortion: the impact of first-trimester risk assessment for aneuploidy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Sep;195(3):839-42.

 

 

EDITORIALS, LETTERS TO EDITORS & BOOK REVIEWS:

 

1.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Perinatal ethics. Obstet Gynecol 1986;68:141-2.

 

2.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics and routine ultrasonography in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1990;163:257-258.

 

3.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Legal intervention during pregnancy. JAMA 1991;265:1953.

 

4.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Is opposition to abortion unethical?

 

5.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Selective termination to a singleton pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1992;2:231.

 

6.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Court ordered treatment in obstetrics. Obstet Gynecol 1992;79:476-477.

 

7.   Chervenak FA, Arabin B. Vaginal ultrasound: An invaluable component of modern obstetric ultrasound. Am J Perinatol 1992;9:493.

 

8.   Klein VR, Perpignano MC, Cohen H, Chervenak FA. Fetal choroid plexus cysts. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;168:277-8.

 

9.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Patienthood of the fetus. Contemp Obstet Gynecol 1993;38:121.

 

10.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Clinical management of brain death during pregnancy. J Clin Ethics 1993;4:349-50.

 

11.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Irrational and pregnant. Hastings Cen Report 1992;22:44-5.

 

12.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Review of Enemies of Patients by Ruth Macklin. Oxford University Press, 1993. Women's Health Issues 1993;3:223.

 

13.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Skupski DW. Ethical justification for emergency, coerced cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol 1994;83:640-2.

 

14.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Should all pregnant women have an ultrasound examination? Ultrasound in Obstet Gynecol 1994;4:177-9.

 

15.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Review of Ethics in Obstetrics and Gynecology, edited by Susan Bewley and R Humphrey Ward. RCOG Press. London, 1994. Ultrasound in Obstet Gynecol 1995;5:424.

 

16.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Should fetal sex identification be offered as part of the routine obstetric ultrasound examination? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1996;8:293-4.

 

17.   Coverdale JH, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies in chronically ill psychiatric patients. Med J Aust 1997;166:665-6.

 

18.   Cefalo R, Elias S, Chervenak FA, Pearse W. SGI Committee on Ethics: Statement on ethics of research. J Soc Gynecol Invest 1997;4:123.

 

19.   McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Bendectin and birth defects: the challenge. New Engl J Med 1997;336:231.

 

20.   Kurjak A, Chervenak FA. Why a new journal? Ultrasound Rev Obstet Gynecol 2001;1:1-2.

 

21.   Kurjak A, Chervenak FA. Three-dimensional ultrasound. Ultrasound Re Obstet Gynecol 2001;1:105.

 

22.   Callahan S, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics and fetal research. Med Ethics (Burlingt, Mass). 2003 Spring;10(2):10-1.

 

23.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethical framework for fetal research. Med Ethics (Burlingt, Mass) 2003 Winter;10(1)1-2.

 

24.   McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Review of Doctors of Conscience by Carol Jaffe. Medical Humanities Review. [In press.]

 

25.   deCrespigny L, Chervenak FA, McCullough L. Prenatal Diagnosis. Brit Med J [In press].

 

26.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. At least Gregor Samsa knew he was an insect: A survival guide for physicians who care for female patients. Fem Pat 2005 Aug. 30:8-9.

 

27.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Conscientious objection in medicine: author did not meet standards of argument based ethics. BMJ. 2006 Feb 18;332(7538):425.

 

28.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Chasen ST. Further evidence for first-trimester risk assessment as an autonomy-enhancing strategy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006 Apr;27(4):355.

 

29.   Nicolaides KH, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Reply. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Aug;195(2):626-7.

 

BOOKS:

 

1.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Lorber J. Anomalies of the Fetal Head, Neck and Spine. WB Saunders. Philadelphia, 1988. Japanese edition. Medica Shuppan. Tokyo, 1990.

 

2.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, eds. Ethical Dilemmas in Obstetrics. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology Series. JB Lippincott. Hagerstown, 1992.

 

3.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S, eds. Textbook of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Little, Brown, and Company. Boston, 1993.

 

4.   McCullough LB, Chervenak FA. Ethics in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Oxford University Press. New York, 1994.

 

5.   Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, eds. The Fetus as a Patient. Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy. Parthenon. Carnforth. 1994.

 

6.   Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, Comstock C, eds. Ultrasound and the Fetal Brain. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1995.

 

7.   Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, eds. Current Perspectives on the Fetus as a Patient. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1996.

 

8.   Weinstein D, Chervenak FA, eds. The First World Congress on Maternal Mortality. Monduzzi. Bologna, 1997.

 

9.   Levy S, Chervenak FA, eds. Ultrasound Screening for Fetal Anomalies: Is It Worth It? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. New York Academy of Sciences. New York, 1998.

 

10.   Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, eds. Fetal Medicine. The Clinical Care of the Fetus as a Patient. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1999.

 

11.   Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, Carrera JM, eds. The Embryo as a Patient. Parthenon, Carnforth 2001.

 

12.   Levine MI, Chervenak FA, Whittle M, eds. Fetal and Neonatal Neurology and Neurosurgery. Third edition. Churchill Livingstone, New York 2001.

 

13.   Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, Papp Z, eds. The Fetus as a Patient: The Evolving Challenge. Parthenon. Carnforth 2002.

 

14.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, eds. Ethics in Perinatal Medicine: Clinics in Perinatology. Vol 30. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia 2003.

 

15.   Carrera JM, Chervenak FA, Kujak A, eds. Controversies in Perinatal Medicine. Parthenon Publishing, New York 2003.

 

16.   Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, eds. Donald School Textbook of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Jaypee Medical Publishers, New Delhi 2004.

 

17.   Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, eds. Textbook of Perinatal Medicine. Taylor Francis, London 2005.

 

18.   DeCrespigny L, Chervenak FA, eds. Prenatal Tests. The facts. Oxford University Press. New York, NY 2005.

 

19. Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, Carrera JM, eds. Donald School Atlas of Fetal Anomalies. Jaypee Medical Publishers, New Delhi 2006.

 

20. Studd J, Tan SL, Chervenak FA. Progress in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 17th ed. Elsevier, New York 2006.

 

21.   Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, eds. Textbook of Perinatal Medicine. 2nd ed. Informa UK Ltd, Abingdon, Oxon UK 2006.

 

CHAPTERS:

 

1.   Chervenak FA, Jeanty P, Hobbins JC. "Current status fetal age and growth assessment." In Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynaecology: Recent Advances, Campbell S, ed. Clinics in Obstet Gynecol 10:423-44, 1983.

 

2.   Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL. "Hypertension in pregnancy." Pp. 124-35 in Rovinsky and Guttmacher's Medical, Surgical and Gynecological Problems of Pregnancy, Cherry SH, Berkowitz RL, Kase NG, eds. 2nd ed. Williams & Wilkins. Baltimore, 1985.

 

3.   Chervenak FA. "Current perspectives on fetal hydrocephalus." Pp. 159-69 in Perinatal Genetics: Diagnosis and Management, Porter IH, Hatcher NH, Willey AM, eds. Academic Press. New York, 1986.

 

4.   Chervenak FA, Farley MA, Walters L, Hobbins JC, Mahoney MJ. "When are third trimester pregnancy terminations morally justifiable?" Pp. 283-92 in Perinatal Genetics: Diagnosis and Management, Porter IH, Hatcher NH, Willey AM, eds. Academic Press. New York, 1986.

 

5.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. "Diagnosing congenital malformation in utero: Ultrasound." In Teratology, Brent RL, Beckman DA, eds. Clinics in Perinatology 13: 593-608, 1986.

 

6.   Chervenak FA. "The controversy of mode of delivery in twins: The intrapartum management of twin gestation (Part II)." In Twin Gestation, D'Alton M, ed. Semin Perinatol 10:44-9, 1986.

 

7.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Sabbagha RE, Depp R. "Anomalies of the head and spine." Pp. 290-305 in Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sabbagha RE, ed. Harper & Row. Hagerstown, 1987.

 

8.   Sabbagha RE, Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. "External body defects." Pp. 315-23 in Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sabbagha RE, ed. Harper & Row. Hagerstown, 1987.

 

9.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical challenges in perinatal medicine: The intrapartum management of pregnancy complicated by fetal hydrocephalus with macrocephaly." In Emerging Problems in Perinatal and Neonatal Medicine: An International Perspective, Subramaniam KNS, McCullough LB, eds. Semin Perinatol 11:232-9, 1987.

 

10.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical considerations in the management of fetal hydrocephalus." In Ultrasound Quarterly 6:257-73, 1987, Sanders RC, ed. Raven Press. New York, 1988.

 

11.   Chervenak FA, Chervenak JL. "Multiple Gestations and Cesarean Delivery." Pp. 54-69 in Cesarean Delivery, Phelan JP, Clark SL, eds. Elsevier Science. New York, 1988.

 

12.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. "Ultrasound detection of fetal anomalies." Pp. 60-71 in Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy: Science, Ethics and the Law, Evans MI, Dixler AO, Fletcher JC, Schulman JD, eds. J.B. Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1989.

 

13.   Chervenak FA. "Current perspectives on the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of fetal hydrocephalus." Pp. 231-51 in The International Review of Child Neurology: Fetal Neurology. Hill A, Volpe JJ, eds. Raven Press. New York, 1989.

 

14.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. "Current perspectives on the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of fetal spina bifida." Pp. 257-64 in International Review of Child Neurology: Fetal Neurology. Hill A, Volpe JJ, eds. Raven Press. New York, 1989.

 

15.   Chervenak FA. "The diagnosis of intrauterine growth retardation." Pp. 73-82 in Obstetric Ultrasonography / Gynecologic Oncology, Berkowitz RL, ed. Churchill Livingstone. London.

 

16.   Rosenberg JC, Walker BA, Caruso CM, Chervenak FA. "Gestational age and growth assessment." Pp. 441-51 in Textbook of Diagnostic Ultrasonography, 3rd ed. Hagen-Ansert, Mayden K, eds. C.V. Mosby. Saint Louis, 1989.

 

17.   Chervenak FA, Chervenak JL. "Multiple gestation." Pp. 76-9 in Current Therapy in Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine - 2, Nelson NM, ed. BC Decker. Philadelphia, 1989.

 

18.   Chervenak FA, Chervenak JL. "Multiple gestation." Pp. 651-62 in Assessment & Care of the Fetus. Physiological, Clinical, and Medicolegal Principles, Eden RD, Boehm FH, eds. Appleton & Lange. Norwalk, 1990.

 

19.   Adams DM, Chervenak FA. "Intrapartum management of twin gestation." Pp. 52-60 in Twin Gestation, Porreco RP, ed. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. J.B. Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1990.

 

20.   Streltzoff J, Isaacson G, Chervenak FA. "Normal anatomy of the fetal head, neck, and spine." Pp. 219-31 in Diagnostic Medical Sonography: A Guide to Clinical Practice. Vol. 1: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Berman M, ed. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1990.

 

21.   Streltzoff J, Isaacson G, Chervenak FA. "Sonography of the abnormal anatomy of the fetal head, neck, and spine." Pp. 381-95 in Diagnostic Medical Sonography: A Guide to Clinical Practice. Vol. 1: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Berman M, ed. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1990.

 

22.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical issues in obstetric sonography." Pp. 609-13 in Diagnostic Medical Sonography: A Guide to Clinical Practice. Vol. 1: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Berman M, ed. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1990.

 

23.   Rottem S, Chervenak FA. "Ultrasound diagnosis of fetal anomalies." In Antepartal Fetal Surveillance, ed. Morrison J. Obstetric and Gynecology Clinics of North America 17(1):17-46. WB Saunders. Philadelphia, 1990.

 

24.   Bond AL, Chervenak FA. "Abnormal fetal growth: IUGR and macrosomia." In Abnormal Fetal Growth, ed. Divon, M. Elsevier Science. New York, 1991.

 

25.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethics and conflicts in pregnancy." Pp. 290-9 In Rovinsky and Guttmacher's Medical, Surgical and Gynecological Problems of Pregnancy, Cherry SH, Merkatz I, eds. 4th ed. Williams & Wilkins. Baltimore, 1991.

 

26.   Chervenak FA, Gabbe SG. "Obstetric ultrasound: Assessment of fetal growth and anatomy." Pp. 329-76 in Obstetrics. Normal and Problem Pregnancies, Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, eds. 2ed. Churchill-Livingstone. New York, 1991.

 

27.   Chervenak FA, Gabbe S. “Obstetric ultrasound: assessment of fetal growth and anatomy.” In Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. 3rd ed. Gabbe S, Niebyl J, Simpson JL, eds. Churchill Livingstone. New York. 1991;329-375.

 

28.   Chervenak JL, Chervenak FA. "Amniocentesis." Pp. 64-9 in Textbook of Operative Obstetrics. Iffy L, Apuzzio J, Vintzileos A, eds. Pergamon Press. New York, 1992.

 

29.   Adams DM, Chervenak FA. "Multifetal pregnancy." Pp. 266-84 in Medicine of the Fetus and Its Mother, Reece EA, Hobbins JC, Mahoney MJ, Petrie R, eds. J.B. Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1992.

 

30.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Obstetric ethics." Pp. 1308-16 in Medicine of the Fetus and Its Mother, Reece EA, Hobbins JC, Mahoney MJ, Petrie R, eds. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1992.

 

31.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Streltzoff J. "Fetal neural axis." Pp. 33-48 in Atlas of Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kurjak A, ed. Parthenon, Carneforth, 1992.

 

32.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Streltzoff J. "Second trimester ultrasound." Pp. 151-74 in Reproductive Risks and Prenatal Diagnosis, Evans M, ed. Appleton & Lange. Norwalk, 1992.

 

33.   Chervenak FA. "Craniospinal defects." Pp. 189-226 in Prenatal Diagnosis and Screening, Brock DJH, Rodeck CH, Ferguson-Smith MA, eds. Churchill Livingstone. Edinburgh, 1992.

 

34.   Lescale K, Eddleman K, Chervenak FA. "Review of structural anomalies for prenatal diagnosis.” section of Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Campbell S, Harrington K, eds. Current Science 4:249-55, 1992.

 

35.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "What is obstetric ethics?" In Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, eds. Ethical Dilemmas in Obstetrics. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 35:709-19. JB Lippincott. Hagerstown, 1992.

 

36.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical issues in obstetric ultrasound." In Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, eds. Ethical Dilemmas in Obstetrics. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 35: 758-62, Series. JB Lippincott. Hagerstown, 1992.

 

37.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical issues in obstetric ultrasound." Pp. 277-84 in Textbook of Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound, Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S, eds. Little, Brown. Boston, 1993.

 

38.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S. "Anomalies of the cranium and its contents." Pp. 825-52 in Textbook of Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound, Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S, eds. Little, Brown. Boston, 1993.

 

39.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Campbell S. "Anomalies of the neck." Pp. 853-8 in Textbook of Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound, Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S, eds. Little, Brown. Boston, 1993.

 

40.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S. "Anomalies of the spine." Pp. 883-92 in Textbook of Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound, Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S, eds. Little, Brown. Boston, 1993.

 

41.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Cephalocentesis." Pp. 1339-44 in Textbook of Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound, Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S, eds. Little, Brown. Boston, 1993.

 

42.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "An ethical framework for obstetric practice." Pp. 3-12 in Progress in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Studd J, ed. Churchill Livingstone. New York, 1993.

 

43.   Chervenak FA, Chervenak JL. "Intrapartum management of multiple gestations." Pp. 1535-42 in Textbook of Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound. Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Campbell S, eds. Little, Brown. Boston, 1993.

 

44.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical considerations in prenatal diagnosis." Pp. 247-60 in Prenatal Diagnosis. FitzSimmons J, ed. Elsevier Science. New York, 1993.

 

45.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Court-ordered cesarean delivery." Pp. 257-72 in The Beginning of Human Life. Bellar FK, Weir RF, eds. Kluwer Academic. Dordrecht, 1993.

 

46.   Sabbagha RE, Chervenak FA, Dalcompo SA, Isaacson G. Externally visible body abnormalities. Pp. 431-8 in Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology. 3rd ed. Sabbagha RE, ed. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1994.

 

47.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Sabbagha RE, Monteagudo A. "Anomalies of the head and spine." Pp. 381-416 in Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology. 3ed. Sabbagha RE, ed. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1994.

 

48.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical considerations in obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound. Pp. 77-86 in Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology. 3ed. Sabbagha RE, ed. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1993.

 

49.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G, Streltzoff J. "Craniospinal and spinal defects." Pp. 871-900 in High Risk Pregnancy: Management. JD, Steer P, Weiner C, Gonik B, eds. Saunders. Philadelphia, 1994.

 

50.   Toth M, Chervenak FA. "Clinical and ultrasound dimensions of infections of the ovary and Fallopian tubes." Pp. 165-178 in Ultrasound and the Ovary. Kurjak A, ed. Parthenon. London, 1994.

 

51.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical and legal aspects." Pp. 255-62 in Ultrasound and the Ovary. Kurjak A, ed. Parthenon. London, 1994.

 

52.   Toth M, Chervenak FA. "Color Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease." Pp. 215-22 in An Atlas of Color Doppler Ultrasound. The Current State of the Art. Kurjak A, ed. Parthenon. London, 1994.

 

53.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Kurjak A. "The central role of the fetus as a patient in defining an ethical standard of care for fetal therapy." Pp. 3-10 in The Fetus as a Patient. Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy. Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, eds. Parthenon. London, 1994.

 

54.   Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, Zudenigo D, Kupesk S. "Early pregnancy hemodynamics assessed by transvaginal color Doppler." Pp. 435-54 in The Fetus as a Patient. Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy. Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, eds. Parthenon. London, 1994.

 

55.   Eddleman K, Bussel JB, Chervenak FA. "Diagnosis and management of immune thrombocytopenia." Pp. 505-16 in The Fetus as a Patient. Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy. Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, eds. Parthenon. London, 1994.

 

56.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical frontiers in invasive fetal therapy. Pp. 401-12 in Invasive Fetal Testing and Treatment, Harman CR, ed. Blackwell. Boston, 1994.

 

57.   Lescale K, Eddleman K, Chervenak FA. "Ultrasound of the fetal neck and spine." Pp. 172-206 in Obstetrical Ultrasound - A Systematic Approach. McGahan JP, Porto M, eds. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1994.

 

58.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB "Is routine ultrasound screening for all patients?" In Antenatal Assessment. Devoe L, ed. Clinics in Perinatology 21:707-22, 1994.

 

59.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "A clinical and ethical evaluation of routine obstetric ultrasound." Chervenak FA, ed., Current Science. Prenatal Diagnosis 6:435-9, 1994.

 

60.   Chervenak FA, 䴀挀䌀甀氀氀漀甀最栀 䰀䈀⸀ ∀䘀攀琀愀氀 搀攀猀琀爀甀挀琀椀瘀攀 瀀爀漀挀攀搀甀爀攀猀⸀∀ 倀瀀⸀ ㌀㔀㐀ⴀ㘀㜀 椀渀 伀瀀攀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 伀戀猀琀攀琀爀椀挀猀⸀ 伀✀䜀爀愀搀礀 䨀倀Ⰰ 䜀椀洀漀瘀猀欀礀 䴀䰀Ⰰ 䴀挀䤀氀栀愀爀最椀攀 䌀䨀Ⰰ 攀搀猀⸀ 圀椀氀氀椀愀洀猀 ☀愀洀瀀㬀 圀椀氀欀椀渀猀⸀ 䈀愀氀琀椀洀漀爀攀Ⰰ ㄀㤀㤀㔀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㘀㄀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀吀漀琀栀 䴀Ⰰ 䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀⸀ 吀爀愀渀猀瘀愀最椀渀愀氀 挀漀氀漀爀 䐀漀瀀瀀氀攀爀 甀氀琀爀愀猀漀甀渀搀 椀渀 瀀攀氀瘀椀挀 椀渀昀氀愀洀洀愀琀漀爀礀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀⸀ 倀瀀⸀ ㄀㐀㘀ⴀ㔀㈀ 椀渀 吀爀愀渀猀瘀愀最椀渀愀氀 䌀漀氀漀甀爀 䐀漀瀀瀀氀攀爀⸀ 䈀漀甀爀渀攀 吀䴀Ⰰ 䨀愀甀渀椀愀甀砀 䔀Ⰰ 䨀甀爀欀漀瘀椀挀 䐀Ⰰ 攀搀猀⸀  匀瀀爀椀渀最攀爀 嘀攀爀氀愀最⸀ 一攀眀 夀漀爀欀Ⰰ ㄀㤀㤀㔀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㘀㈀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀伀✀䜀爀愀搀礀 䨀倀Ⰰ 嘀攀爀漀渀椀欀椀猀 䐀䬀Ⰰ 䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀Ⰰ 䴀挀䌀甀氀氀漀甀最栀 䰀䈀Ⰰ 䬀愀渀愀愀渀 䌀䴀Ⰰ 吀椀氀猀漀渀 䰀⸀ ∀䌀攀猀愀爀攀愀渀 搀攀氀椀瘀攀爀礀⸀∀ 倀瀀⸀ ㈀㌀㤀ⴀ㠀㜀 椀渀 伀瀀攀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 伀戀猀琀攀琀爀椀挀愀氀 䴀愀渀愀最攀洀攀渀琀⸀ 伀✀䜀爀愀搀礀 䨀倀Ⰰ 䜀爀椀洀漀瘀猀欀礀 䴀䰀Ⰰ 䴀挀䤀氀栀愀爀最椀攀 䌀䨀Ⰰ 攀搀猀⸀ 圀椀氀氀椀愀洀猀 ☀愀洀瀀㬀 圀椀氀欀椀渀猀⸀ 䈀愀氀琀椀洀漀爀攀Ⰰ ㄀㤀㤀㔀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㘀㌀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀Ⰰ 䴀挀䌀甀氀氀漀甀最栀 䰀䈀⸀ ∀倀爀攀瘀攀渀琀椀瘀攀 攀琀栀椀挀猀⸀∀ 倀瀀⸀ 㜀㤀㌀ⴀ㔀 椀渀 倀爀椀洀愀爀礀 䠀攀愀氀琀栀 䌀愀爀攀 昀漀爀 圀漀洀攀渀㨀 䜀甀椀搀攀氀椀渀攀猀 昀漀爀 䌀愀爀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 伀昀昀椀挀攀 匀攀琀琀椀渀最⸀ 匀攀氀琀稀攀爀 嘀Ⰰ 倀攀愀爀猀攀 圀Ⰰ 攀搀猀⸀ 䴀挀䜀爀愀眀ⴀ䠀椀氀氀⸀  一攀眀 夀漀爀欀Ⰰ ㄀㤀㤀㔀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㘀㐀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀⸀ ∀伀瀀琀椀洀甀洀 爀漀甀琀攀 漀昀 搀攀氀椀瘀攀爀礀⸀∀ 倀瀀⸀ 㐀㤀㄀ⴀ㔀 ㈀ 椀渀 䴀甀氀琀椀瀀氀攀 倀爀攀最渀愀渀挀礀⸀ 䔀瀀椀搀攀洀椀漀氀漀最礀Ⰰ 䜀攀猀琀愀琀椀漀渀 ☀愀洀瀀㬀 倀攀爀椀渀愀琀愀氀 伀甀琀挀漀洀攀⸀ 䬀攀椀琀栀 䰀䜀Ⰰ 倀愀瀀椀攀爀渀椀挀ⴀ䈀攀爀欀栀愀瘀攀爀 䔀Ⰰ 䬀攀椀琀栀 䐀䴀Ⰰ 䰀甀欀攀 䈀Ⰰ 攀搀猀⸀ 倀愀爀琀栀攀渀漀渀⸀ 䌀愀爀渀昀漀爀琀栀Ⰰ ㄀㤀㤀㔀⸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㰀戀爀⼀㸀㘀㔀⸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀刀漀猀攀渀戀攀爀最 䨀䌀Ⰰ 䌀栀攀爀瘀攀渀愀欀 䘀䄀⸀ ∀䜀攀猀琀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀最攀 愀渀搀 最爀漀眀琀栀 愀猀猀攀猀猀洀攀渀琀⸀∀ 倀瀀⸀ 㤀 ㌀ⴀ㄀㤀 椀渀 吀攀砀琀戀漀漀欀 漀昀 䐀椀愀最渀漀猀琀椀挀 唀氀琀爀愀猀漀渀graphy, Hagen-Ansert SL, Mayden Argo K, eds. 4th ed. CV Mosby. St Louis, 1995.

 

66.   Lescale K, Eddleman K, Chervenak FA. Imaging of the normal fetal brain. In Fetal and Neonatal Neurology and Neurosurgery. Levine M, Bennett M, Punt J, Lilford R, eds. Churchill Livingstone. New York. 1995;61-81.

 

67.   ÂŠoši A, Skupski DW, Streltzoff J, Chervenak FA. The clinical value of color Doppler in the evaluation of myomas. Pp. 138-40 in Doppler Ultrasound. Kurjak A, Kupeši S, eds. CIC Edizioni Internationali. Rome, 1996.

 

68.   Comstock C, Chervenak FA. "Abdominal sonography of the fetal forebrain." Pp. 43-82 in Ultrasound and the Fetal Brain. Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, Comstock C, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1996.

 

69.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical dimensions in the management of pregnancies complicated by fetal brain anomalies." Pp. 377-86 in Ultrasonography of the Fetal and the Neonatal Brain. Timor-Tritsch I, Monteagudo A, eds. Appleton & Lange. Norwalk, 1996.

 

70.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Cephalocentesis." Pp. 183-96 in Ultrasound and the Fetal Brain. Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, Comstock C, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1996.

 

71.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA. "Maternal complications of multiple gestation." Pp. 199-222 in Multiple Pregnancy and Delivery, Gall S, ed. Mosby Yearbook. St Louis, 1996.

 

72.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Routine obstetric ultrasound examination: a clinical and ethical evaluation." Pp. 203-12 in Current Perspectives on The Fetus as a Patient. Parthenon. New York, 1996.

 

73.   Kupeši S, Kurjak A, Chervenak FA. "Doppler studies of subchorionic hematomas in early pregnancy." Pp. 33-8 in Current Perspectives on The Fetus as a Patient. Parthenon. New York, 1996.

 

74.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Kurjak A. "An essential clinical ethical concept." Pp. 1-12 in Current Perspectives on The Fetus as a Patient. Parthenon. New York, 1996.

 

75.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Common ethical dilemmas encountered in the management of HIV-infected women and newborns. Pp. 411-9 in HIV Infection in Women. Lindsay MK, ed. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1996.

 

76.   Gupta JK, Chervenak FA, Lilford RJ. "Congenital abnormalities of the fetal brain." In Progress in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 12:153-92. Studd J, ed. Churchill Livingstone. London, 1996.

 

77.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA. "Multiple pregnancies." Pp. 315-25 in Intensive Care of the Fetus and Neonate. Spitzer AR, ed. Mosby-Yearbook. St Louis, 1996.

 

78.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Preventive ethics in the management of fetal and neonatal patients with brain anomalies. Pp. 187-97 in Modern Methods of the Assessment of Fetal and Neonatal Brain. Kurjak A, Di Renzo GC, eds. CIC Editioni Internationali. Rome, 1997.

 

79.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical issues in obstetric sonography. Pp. 651-6 in Diagnostic Medical Sonography: A Guide to Clinical Practice. Vol. 1: Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2nd ed. Berman MC, Cohen HL ed. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1997.

 

80.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethics of fetal therapy." Pp. 345-7 in Fetal Therapy: Invasive and Transplacental. Fisk NM, Moise KJ, eds. Cambridge University Press, 1997.

 

81.   Streltzoff J, Gurewitsch ED, Chervenak FA. Sonographic assessment of the fetal head, neck and spine. Pp. 243-68 in Diagnostic Medical Sonography: A Guide to Clinical Practice. Vol. 1. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2nd ed. Berman MC, Cohen HL, eds. JB Lippincott. Philadelphia, 1997.

 

82.   Chervenak FA. Multiple delivery: which mode of delivery? Pp. 74-9 in Labor and Delivery. Cosmi EV, ed. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1997.

 

83.   Chasen ST, Chervenak FA. What is the relationship between the universal use of ultrasound, the rate of detection of twins, and outcome differences? In Multiple Gestation. Keith L, ed. Clin Obstet Gynecol 4:67-77, 1998.

 

84.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. "Ethical dimensions of maternal mortality." Pp. 17-20 in Maternal Mortality. Weinstein ED, Chervenak FA, eds. Monduzzi. Rome, 1998.

 

85.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics in perinatal medicine. Pp. 181-4 in Textbook of Perinatal Medicine. Kurjak A, ed. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1998.

 

86.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical dimensions of ultrasound screening for fetal anomalies. Pp. 185-190 in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. New York Academy of Sciences. New York, 1998.

 

87.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical and legal issues in obstetrics and gynecology. Pp. 939-54 in Danforth's Obstetrics and Gynecology. Scott D, Jr., Saia PJ, Hammond CB, Spellacy WN, eds. Lippincott-Raven. Philadelphia, 1999.

 

88.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical controversies in multiple pregnancy. Pp. 121-2 in Controversies in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Ben-Rafael Z, Shohan Z, eds. Monduzzi. Rome, 1999.

 

89.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ultrasound for all: by whom and when? Pp. 209-12 in Controversies in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Ben-Rafael Z, Shohan Z, eds. Monduzzi. Rome, 1999.

 

90.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical considerations in fetal therapy. Pp. 151-6 in Diagnosis and Treatment of the Unborn Child. New M, ed. Idelson-Gnocchi. Reddick, 1999.

 

91.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Kurjak A. Professional virtues in the clinical care of the fetus as a patient. Pp. 3-8 in Fetal Medicine. The Clinical Care of the Fetus as a Patient. Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1999.

 

92.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Ledger WJ. Ethical dimensions of HIV infection in pregnancy. Pp. 331-5 in Fetal Medicine. The Clinical Care of the Fetus as a Patient. Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1999.

 

93.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethical framework for interventional ultrasound. Pp. 3-8 in Interventional Ultrasound. Weiner S, Kurjak A, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth, 1999.

 

94.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical issues in gene transfer research. Pp. 95-8 in Prenatal Gene Transfer: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Issues. A Report of the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee. National Institutes of Health. Bethesda, 1999.

 

95.   Smith-Levitin M, Skupski DW, Chervenak FA. Multiple pregnancies: epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and management. In Medicine of the Fetus and Mother, 2nd ed. Reece EA, Hobbins J, eds. Lippincott-Raven. Philadelphia. 1999;243-265.

 

96.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Maternal-fetal ethics. In Cherry & Merkatz's Complications of Pregnancy, 5th ed. Cohen W, Parisi, eds. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Baltimore. 1999;63-70.

 

97.   Gurewitsch ED, Streltzoff J, Chervenak FA. Craniospinal and facial abnormalities. In High Risk Pregnancy: Management Options, 2nd ed. Saunders. Philadelphia. 1999;403-425.

 

98.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics in fetal medicine. In Ethical Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Sureau C, Shenfield F, eds. In Bailliere's Clinical Obstetrics and Gynæcology. International Practice and Research. Baillere. London 1999.

 

99.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Preventive ethics. In Women's Primary Health Care. 2nd ed. Pp. 1147-50 in Seltzer V, Pearce W, eds. McGraw-Hill. New York, 2000.

 

100.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical aspects of iatrogenic multiples. In Iatrogenic Multiple Pregnancy. Blickstein I, Keith LG, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth. 2000; 263-270.

 

101.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. What is obstetric ethics? In Clinical Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Winn HN, Petrie RH, eds. CV Mosby. St Louis. 2000;933-940.

 

102.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Clinical ethics for obstetric sonography. In Textbook of Diagnostic Ultrasonography. 5th ed. Hagen-Ansert SL, ed. Mosby. St Louis. 2001; 726-732.

 

103.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Kurjak A. Ethical Implications of the embryo as a patient. In The Embryo as a Patient. Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, Carrera JM. Parthenon Publishing. New York. 2001; 226-230.

 

104.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical Dilemmas. In Fetal and Neonatal Neurology and Neurosurgery. Levine MI, Chervenak FA, Whittle M, eds. Churchill Livingstone. New York 2001; 821-828.

 

105.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Directive counseling regarding fetal therapy: ethical considerations in offering and recommending fetal therapy for the fetal patient. In Fetal Therapy. Evans MI, Platt LD, De La Cruz F, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth. 2001;117:124.

 

106.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical considerations. In The Unborn Patient. 3rd ed. Harrison M, Evans MI, Adzick S, Holzgreve W, eds. WB Saunders. Philadelphia. 2001;19-25.

 

107.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Kurjak A, Papp Z. The Moral Foundation of Leadership in Fetal Medicine. In The Fetus as a Patient: The Evolving Challenge. Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, Papp Z, eds. Parthenon Publishing, New York 2002.

 

108.   Al-Houatly, HB, Chasen ST, Chervenak FA. Ultrasound in Pregnancy: Routine or by Indication? In Contemporary Therapy in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Ransom SB, Dombrowski MP, Evans MI, Ginsburg KA, eds. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, PA, 2002:199-202.

 

109.   Evans MI, Krivchenia EL, Chervenak FA. Principles of Screening. In Contemporary Therapy in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Ransom SB, Dombrowski MP, Evans MI, Ginsburg KA, eds. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, PA, 2002:221-224.

 

110.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics on the frontier of fetal research. In Controversies in Perinatal Medicine. Carrera JM, Chervenak FA, Kurjak A, eds. Parthenon Publishing, New York 2003.

 

111.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical issues in management of pregnancy complicated by diabetes. In Textbook of Diabetes and Pregnancy. Hod M, Jovanovic L, DiRenzo GC, de Leiva A, Langer O, eds. Martin Dunitz, Taylor & Francis Group, London and New York 2003:554-562.

 

112.   Lescale K, Chervenak FA. Legal concerns in the use of ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. In Donald School Textbook of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Jaypee Medical Publishers, New Delhi 2004, p 80-84.

 

113.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical Issues in the Diagnosis and Management of Genetic Disorders in the Fetus. In Genetic Disorders and the Fetus: Diagnosis, Prevention, and Treatment. Milunsky A, ed. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore 2004, p1135-1164.

 

114.   Sharma G, Chasen ST, Chervenak FA. Routine use of obstetric ultrasound. Pp 55-79 in Donald School Textbook of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Jaypee Medical Publishers, New Delhi 2004.

 

115.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Who Makes the Decisions in Family-Centered Health Care? In Moral Dilemmas in Community Health Care. White BC, Zimbelman JA, eds. Pearson Longman, New York 2005.

 

116.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical Issues and Decision Making in the Management of Diabetes. In The Diabetes in Pregnancy Dilemma: Leading Change with Proven Solutions. Langer O, ed. University Press, Maryland 2006:23-33.

 

117.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics: An essential dimension of perinatal medicine. Kurjak A, Chervenak FA, eds. Textbook of Perinatal Medicine. 2nd ed. Informa UK Ltd, Abingdon, Oxon UK 2006:129-138.

 

118.   Gurewitsch ED, Chervenak FA. Ultrasound. In Encyclopedia of Reproduction. Strauss III, JF, ed. Academic Press. Philadelphia. [In press]

 

119.   Gurewitsch ED, Skupski DW, Chervenak FA. The role of ultrasonography in the intrapartum management of multiple gestation. In Ultrasound and Multiple Gestation. Monteguado A, Timor-Tritsch I, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth. [In press]

 

120.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Early life interventions: Ethical considerations. In Therapeutic and Diagnostic Interventions in Early Life. Ludomirski A, Nicolini U, Bhutani VK, eds. Futura. Mount Kisco. [In press]

 

121.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical considerations in prenatal diagnosis. In Prenatal Diagnosis. 2nd ed. Carrera, ed. [In press]

 

122.   Gupta JK, Lilford RJ, Chervenak FA. Assessment of other congenital abnormalities of the fetal brain. In Fetal and Neonatal Neurology and Neurosurgery. Levine M, Bennett M, Punt J, Lilford R, eds. Churchill Livingstone. New York. [in press]

 

123.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics of early prenatal diagnosis. In First Trimester Prenatal Diagnosis. Rottem S, ed. Mosby-Yearbook. St Louis. [In press]

 

124.   Gurewitsch E, Chervenak FA. Ultrasound diagnosis and fetal therapy in hydrocephalus, open neural tube and ventral wall defects. In Ultrasound and Fetal Therapy: Progress in Obstetric and Gynecological Sonography Series. Evans M, Rodeck C, eds. Parthenon. Carnforth. [In press]

 

125.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Bioethics in perinatal medicine. Clinics in Perinatology of Argentina. [In press]

 

126.   Gurewitsch ED, Chervenak FA. Overview of the comprehensive ultrasound examination: an approach to diagnosis and management of fetal anomalies. In Prenatal Diagnosis: Genetics, Reproductive Risks, Testing, and Management. Evans MI, Johnson M, eds. Appleton and Lange. Norwalk. [In press]

 

127.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An ethical framework for fetal therapy. In Prenatal Diagnosis: Genetics, Reproductive Risks, Testing, and Management. Evans MI, Johnson M, eds. Appleton and Lange. Norwalk. [In press]

 

128.   Chasen ST, Chervenak FA. Problems of multiple gestation pregnancies. In Fetal and Neonatal Secrets. Spitzer AR, Polin R, eds. Hanley & Belfus. Philadelphia. [In press]

 

129.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical considerations in fetal treatment. In Fetal and Neonatal Cardiology. Kleinman C, Copel J, eds. WB Saunders. Orlando. [In press]

 

130.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics and Patient Information. Basic Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology for Trainees. Wladimiroff J, Eik-Nes S, Pilv G, eds. Elsevier, Dordrecht. [In press]

 

131.   Chevenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical Issues in Caring for Triplet Pregnancies. Triplet Pregnancy. Keith L, Blickenstein I, eds. Parthenon Publishing, New York. [in press]

 

132.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical Issues in Multiple Gestation. In The Management of Twin Gestations for Practicing Obstetricians. Ghandi J, Keith L, eds. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers, New Delhi. [in press]

 

133.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Medical Ethics. In Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology, ninth ed. Scott J, Gibbs RS, Karlan B, Hanley A, eds. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Philadelphia. [in press]

 

134.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Kurjak A. Ethics and Ultrasound Programs. In Ethical Aspects of Human Reproduction. Schenkar J, ed. [in press]

 

135.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical Issues in Multiple Pregnancy. In Multiple Pregnancy: Epidemiology, Gestation and Perinatal Outcome. Blickstein I, Keith L, eds. [In press]

 

136.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics in Obstetrics and Gynecology. In 2002 Educational Review Manual in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Lobo RA, ed. Castle Connelly Graduate Medical Publishing, New York. [In press]

 

137.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical Aspects of the Management of the Malformed Fetus. In Ethical Aspects of Human Reproduction. Schenkar J, ed. [in press]

 

138.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical issues in reproductive medicine research. Johnson A, ed. Infertility and reproductive medicine clinics of North America. WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia. [In press]

 

139.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical Issues in Fetal Therapy. Fetal Medicine – Prenatal Diagnosis and Management. 2nd ed. Isfer E, ed. [in press]

 

OTHER PUBLICATIONS:

 

1.   Chervenak FA, Reyniak JV, Calderin S, Gugliucci CL. Conservative management of premature rupture of membranes. NY Med Quart 1980;2:36.

 

2.   Chervenak FA, Adams J, Reyniak JV. Advanced abdominal pregnancy requiring clamping of the abdominal aorta. Fem Pat 1981;2:38-9.

 

3.   Chervenak FA, Stangel JJ, Reyniak JV. Testicular feminization syndrome. Fem Pat 1982;7:48-50.

 

4.   Castadot MJ, Chervenak FA, Sedlis A. Cervical schistosomiasis masoni. Fem Pat 1982;7:46-8.

 

5.   Castadot MJ, Chervenak FA, Boria MC. Rectal expulsion of copper 7 IUD without fistula formation. Fem Pat 1983;8:16-9.

 

6.   Chervenak FA, Romero R, Berkowitz RL. Pregnancy induced hypertension. Hosp Med, September 1983;169-201.

 

7.   Chervenak FA. Antenatal diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta. Perinatol Neonatol 1983;7:37-40.

 

8.   Chervenak FA, Jeanty P, Hobbins JC. Current status of fetal age and growth assessment. Clin Obstet Gynaecol 1983 Dec;10(3):423-44.

 

9.   Chervenak FA. Intrapartum management of the second twin in malpresentation. Perinatol Neonatol 1984;8:28-36.

 

10.   Chervenak FA, Berkowitz RL. Hypertension in pregnancy. Mt Sinai J Med. 1985 Jan;52(1):46-58.

 

11.   Chervenak FA. Current perspectives on the diagnosis, prognosis and management of fetal hydrocephalus. Contemp OB/GYN December 1985;84-98.

 

12.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Diagnosing congenital malformation in utero: ultrasound. Clin Perinatol 1986 Sep;13(3):593-607.

 

13.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Anomalies of the fetal neural axis. Contemp OB/GYN 1987;29:87-99.

 

14.   Chervenak FA. An overview of ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology. Fem Pat 1987;12:68-9.

 

15.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Fetal teratomas. Contemp OB/GYN 1987;30:169-76.

 

16.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Diagnosis of fetal hydrocephalus. Fem Pat 1987;12:76-85.

 

17.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Management and outcome of fetal hydrocephalus. Fem Pat 1987;12:44-56.

 

18.   Chervenak FA. Intrapartum management of twins. Fem Pat 1987;12:52-68.

 

19.   Chervenak FA. Fetal hydrocephalus. Mediquide to OB/GYN 1988;6(2):1-5.

 

20.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Fetal cystic hygroma. Fem Pat 1988;13:17-28.

 

21.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Intrauterine growth retardation. Fem Pat 1988;13:78-89.

 

22.   Chervenak FA, Isaacson G. Fetal teratomas. Fem Pat 1988;13:108-16.

 

23.   Chervenak FA. The role of vaginal delivery for the second twin in malpresentation. Clin Decisions Obstet Gynecol.

 

24.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. A practical method of analysis of the physician's ethical obligations to the pregnant woman and fetus. Res Staff Physician 1989;35:79-87.

 

25.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics: A neglected dimension of obstetric ultrasound. Fem Pat 1990;15:34-5.

 

26.   Adams DM, Chervenak FA. Intrapartum management of twin gestation. Clin Obstet Gynecol 1990 Mar;33(1):52-60.

 

27.   Rottem S, Chervenak FA. Ultrasound diagnosis of fetal anomalies. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am 1990 Mar;17(1):17-40.

 

28.   Chervenak FA. Ultrasound diagnosis of fetal anomalies: Head, neck & spine. MVP Video Jour Ob Gyn 1990;3(2).

 

29.   Chervenak FA. Prenatal diagnosis. Editorial overview. Current Opinion Ob Gyn 1990;2:213-4.

 

30.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Fetus as patient: An ethical concept. Contemporary Ob/Gyn 1992;37:11-22.

 

31.   Chervenak FA. Prenatal diagnosis of structural anomalies. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 1992 Apr;4(2):249-55.

 

32.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The role of informed consent in clinical obstetric practice: the importance of preventive ethics. J Bellevue Obstet Gynecol Soc 1993;9:33-5.

 

33.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics of routine obstetric ultrasonography. Fem Pat 1993;18:48-53.

 

34.   Chervenak FA. Multiple gestations: Female Patient Forum Moderator. Fem Pat 1993;18:14-29.

 

35.   Chervenak FA. Intrapartum management of multiple gestations. MVP Video J Obstet Gynecol 1994;7:1.

 

36.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. A clinical and ethical evaluation of routine obstetric ultrasound. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 1994 Oct;6(5):435-9.

 

37.   Chervenak FA. Intrapartum management of multiple gestations. Video. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Washington, D.C., 1995.

 

38.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The goal of the physician-patient relationship: fulfilling the obligation of a fiduciary to the female patient. Primary Care Update for Ob/Gyns 1995;1:260-1.

 

39.   Udom-Rice I, Skupski DW, Chervenak FA. Intrapartum management of multiple gestation. Multiple Gestation. Chervenak FA, D'Alton M, eds. Semin Perinatol 1995 Oct;19(5):424-33.

 

40.   Smith-Levitin M, Skupski DW, Chervenak FA. Multifetal pregnancies. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 1995 Dec;7(6):465-71.

 

41.   ÂŠoši A, Yun M, Chervenak FA. Transvaginal ultrasonography of the endometrium. Fem Pat 1996;21:1-7.

 

42.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Ledger WJ. Advocacy for routine obstetric ultrasound. An essential obligation in contemporary obstetric care. ACOG Clin Rev 1996;1:1-4.

 

43.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Common ethical dilemmas encountered in the management of HIV-infected women and newborns. Clin Obstet Gynecol 1996 Jun;39(2):411-9.

 

44.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Preventive ethics and end of life decisions. Women's Health Issues 1996;5:304-6.

 

45.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. What is obstetric ethics? Praktika Gynekologia 1997;3:113-20.

 

46.   Chervenak FA. Foreword. P. v in Manual of Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound. Jaffe R, Abramowicz JS, eds. Lippincott-Raven. Philadelphia, 1997.

 

47.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical issues in gynecology. Czech Gynecol 1997;3:113-20.

 

48.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Should all pregnant women have an ultrasound examination? Croatian Med J 1998;39:102-6.

 

49.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical considerations in fetal reduction and selective termination. Gyn Forum 1998;3:34-6.

 

50.   Fleishman AR, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The physician’s moral obligations to the pregnant woman, the fetus, and the child. Semin Perinatol 1998;22:184-8.

 

51.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical challenges in the practice of obstetrics and gynecology in the managed care setting. J Bellevue Obstet Gynecol Soc 1999;5:8-16.

 

52.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Should all pregnant women have an ultrasound examination? Applied Rad 1999;12:8-11.

 

53.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethical consideration of maternal participation in clinical research. Curr Opin Gynecol Obstet 1999 Dec;11(6):549-51.

 

54.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics in fetal medicine. Ballieres Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynæcol 1999 Dec;13(4):491-502.

 

55.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Commentary on ACOG Committee Opinion, Ethical considerations in research involving women. Women's Health Issues. 1999;9:206-207.

 

56.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics in maternal-fetal medicine. Orgyn 2001;2:53-56.

 

57.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics in three-dimensional obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound. Ultrasound Rev Obstet Gynecol 2001;1:107-110.

 

58.   Skupski DW, Chervenak FA. Twin-twin transfusion syndrome: an evolving challenge. Ultrasound Rev Obstet Gynecol 2001;1:28-37.

 

59.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Birnbach DJ. Ethics: an essential dimension of clinical obstetric anesthesia. Anesth Analg 2003 May;96(5):1480-5.

 

60.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Ethics of research and the pregnant patient. Curr Womens Health Rep 2003 Dec;3(6):505-9.

 

61.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. The fetus as a patient: an essential concept for the ethics of perinatal medicine. Am J Perinatol 2003 Nov;20(8):399-404.

 

62.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Rosenwaks Z. Ethical considerations in newer reproductive technologies. Semin Perinatol 2003 Dec;27(6):427-34.

 

63.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. An Ethical Framework for Fetal Research. Medical Ethics Newsletter 2003;10:1-2.

 

64.   Sharma G, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Minkoff H. Ethical considerations in elective cesarean delivery. Clin Obstet Gynecol 2004 Jun;47(2):404-8.

 

65.   Chervenak FA, McCullough LB, Chasen ST. Clinical implications of the ethics of informed consent for first-trimester risk assessment for trisomy 21. Semin Perinatol 2005 Aug;29(4):277-9.

 

66.   Kalish RB, Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Should we offer elective primary cesarean delivery? No, we should not. In the Hot Seat. Fem Pt 2006 Sept;31(9):45-6.

Honors and Awards

HONORS:

 

2006   Member World Academy of Art and Science

2005   Member Hungarian Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

2005   Member International Academy of Perinatal Medicine

2005   Honorary member Texas Ob/Gyn Society

1998-2006

      Castle Connolly Top Doctors in the NY Metro Area, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th , 9th,, 10th eds.

2000-2006

      Castle Connolly America’s Top Doctors, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th , 5th, 6th eds.

2005   Best Doctors in New York, NY Magazine

2004   Corresponding Member of Academy of Medical Sciences of Croatia

2004   Best Doctors in New York, NY Magazine

2003   Best Doctors in New York, NY Magazine

2003   Honorary member Barcelona Ob/Gyn Society

2002   Best Doctors in New York, NY Magazine

2001   Best Doctors in America, US News and World Report

2001   Best Doctors in New York, NY Magazine

1999   The Donald, MacVicar & Brown Lecturer [named for the pioneers of medical ultrasound], Glasgow, Scotland

1998   Doctorem Honoris Causa, Semmelweis University, Budapest

1998   Best Doctors in New York: New York Magazine

1998   Best Doctors in America

1997   Good Housekeeping: Best Doctors for Women.

1997   Who's Who in Medicine and Health Care. 1st ed., 1997-8; 2nd. ed., 1999-2000; 3rd ed., Millennium ed.

1996   Best Doctors in New York. Special reprint. New York Magazine

1996   American Health: Best Doctors in America

1995   ACOG Film Festival Award

1994   Honorary Member, Italian Society of Hospital Obstetricians and Gynecologists

1993   Honorary Member, Queens Obstetric and Gynecologic Society

1993   Fellow, American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

1991   Best Doctors in New York. Special Report. New York Magazine

1989   Outstanding Professor's Award Presented by the Junior Fellows of District II

1986   Ecumenical Order, Knights of Malta

1985   Dr. Solomon Silver Award, presented by the Mount Sinai School of Medicine for the Application of Advances in Research to the Practice of Clinical Medicine

1975   Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society, Philadelphia Alpha Chapter.

      Who's Who in the World, editions for 1983-4, 1985-6, 1987-8, 1989-90, 1991-2, 1993-4, 1995-6 & 1997-8

1974   Graduation from Pennsylvania State University, summa cum laude.

1971   Valedictorian, Seton Hall Preparatory School.